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DBMS > Neo4j vs. OrientDB vs. Sphinx

System Properties Comparison Neo4j vs. OrientDB vs. Sphinx

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonSphinx  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)Open source search engine for searching in data from different sources, e.g. relational databases
Primary database modelGraph DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score57.16
Rank#18  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score4.16
Rank#81  Overall
#12  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Score8.00
Rank#52  Overall
#5  Search engines
Websiteneo4j.comorientdb.orgsphinxsearch.com
Technical documentationneo4j.com/­docswww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.htmlsphinxsearch.com/­docs
DeveloperNeo4j, Inc.OrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPSphinx Technologies Inc.
Initial release200720102001
Current release4.3.2, July 20213.1.9, February 20213.4.1, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoGPL version 2, commercial licence available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaJavaC++
Server operating systemsLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)FreeBSD
Linux
NetBSD
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesyes infofull-text index on all search fields
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query language, no joinsSQL-like query language (SphinxQL)
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++ infounofficial client library
Java
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby infounofficial client library
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJava, Javascriptno
Triggersyes infovia event handlerHooksno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes using Neo4j FabricShardingSharding infoPartitioning is done manually, search queries against distributed index is supported
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocould be achieved with distributed queriesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationship in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoThe original contents of fields are not stored in the Sphinx index.
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles; record level security configurableno
More information provided by the system vendor
Neo4jOrientDBSphinx
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j – DeFi Blockchain Graph, FlatData, NER with SpaCy, NODES talks on API, App Development, DevOps, GraphQL, Bloom, Visual Query Builder
24 July 2021

#GraphCast: Graph-Native Scale, the Trillion+ Relationship Graph
23 July 2021

Certified Neo4j Professional T-Shirts Are Back!
22 July 2021

This Week in Neo4j – Data Journalism NYPD, Django Admin, Visualization Talks, CEO Podcast, Write Performance, Java GraphQL
17 July 2021

Graphs4Good: Insights into Police Misconduct with Graphs
15 July 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Neo4jOrientDBSphinx
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