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DBMS > Neo4j vs. OrientDB vs. Spark SQL

System Properties Comparison Neo4j vs. OrientDB vs. Spark SQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)Spark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processing
Primary database modelGraph DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score57.87
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score4.05
Rank#82  Overall
#13  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Score22.94
Rank#34  Overall
#20  Relational DBMS
Websiteneo4j.comorientdb.orgspark.apache.org/­sql
Technical documentationneo4j.com/­docswww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.htmlspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.html
DeveloperNeo4j, Inc.OrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPApache Software Foundation
Initial release200720102014
Current release4.3.6, October 20213.1.9, February 20213.1.1, March 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaJavaScala
Server operating systemsLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query language, no joinsSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Java
Python
R
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJava, Javascriptno
Triggersyes infovia event handlerHooksno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes using Neo4j FabricShardingyes, utilizing Spark Core
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationship in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles; record level security configurableno
More information provided by the system vendor
Neo4jOrientDBSpark SQL
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j – Speaking Cypher, Stocks, Graphaule, Discover-Aura, Wikidata, Gephi
23 October 2021

#GraphCast: Thinking About Algorithmic Bias in AI?
22 October 2021

From Graph to Knowledge Graph: Data Trends and Challenges
21 October 2021

How PwC Germany Combats Money Laundering in Crypto Space with Neo4j
19 October 2021

This Week in Neo4j –Twitch, Stackoverflow, Masterclass, Workshop
15 October 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more
SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Neo4jOrientDBSpark SQL
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

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Graph DBMS increased their popularity by 500% within the last 2 years
3 March 2015, Paul Andlinger

Graph DBMSs are gaining in popularity faster than any other database category
21 January 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

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Recent citations in the news

Neo4J Releases Graph Data Science Library, Look For New Updates
24 September 2021, Analytics India Magazine

GPU Database Market 2021 Production Share, Growth Rate Analysis by – Neo4j, Brytlyt, Blazegraph, HeteroDB, Graphistry, etc – Puck77
21 October 2021, Puck77

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22 October 2021, Puck77

Neo4j raises Neo$325M as graph-based data analysis takes hold in enterprise
17 June 2021, TechCrunch

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20 October 2021, Puck77

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23 October 2021, Puck77

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21 October 2021, Puck77

Graph Database Market Key Development, Trends and Major Players With Top Countries Data | IBM, Microsoft, Oracle, AWS, Neo4j, OrientDB, TIBCO, Franz, OpenLink Software, MarkLogic, TigerGraph, DataStax, Ontotext, Stardog, Cray – Puck77
19 October 2021, Puck77

NoSQL Software Market Size and Key Companies – Amazon, Couchbase, MongoDB, Microsoft, Marklogic, OrientDB – The Manomet Current
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