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DBMS > Neo4j vs. OrientDB vs. Solr vs. XTDB

System Properties Comparison Neo4j vs. OrientDB vs. Solr vs. XTDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonSolr  Xexclude from comparisonXTDB infoformerly named Crux  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)A widely used distributed, scalable search engine based on Apache LuceneA general purpose database with bitemporal SQL and Datalog and graph queries
Primary database modelGraph DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engineDocument store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score58.03
Rank#20  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score4.56
Rank#80  Overall
#13  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Score58.53
Rank#19  Overall
#3  Search engines
Score0.00
Rank#351  Overall
#49  Document stores
Websiteneo4j.comorientdb.orglucene.apache.org/­solrgithub.com/­xtdb/­xtdb
xtdb.com
Technical documentationneo4j.com/­docswww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.htmllucene.apache.org/­solr/­resources.htmlxtdb.com/­docs
DeveloperNeo4j, Inc.OrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPApache Software FoundationJuxt Ltd.
Initial release2007201020062019
Current release4.4.3, January 20223.1.9, February 20218.11.1, December 20211.19, September 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoMIT License
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4jā€™s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaJavaJavaClojure
Server operating systemsLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)All OS with a Java VM inforuns as a servlet in servlet container (e.g. Tomcat, Jetty is included)All OS with a Java 8 (and higher) VM
Linux
Data schemeschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")yes infoDynamic Fields enables on-the-fly addition of new fieldsschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infosupports customizable data types and automatic typingyes, extensible-data-notation format
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query language, no joinsSolr Parallel SQL Interfacelimited SQL, making use of Apache Calcite
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
HTTP REST
JDBC
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Erlang
Java
JavaScript
any language that supports sockets and either XML or JSON
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Clojure
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJava, JavascriptJava pluginsno
Triggersyes infovia event handlerHooksyes infoUser configurable commands triggered on index changesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes using Neo4j FabricShardingShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replicationyesyes, each node contains all data
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocould be achieved with distributed queriesspark-solr: github.com/­lucidworks/­spark-solr and streaming expressions to reduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationship in graphsnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDoptimistic lockingACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes, flexibel persistency by using storage technologies like Apache Kafka, RocksDB or LMDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles; record level security configurableyes
More information provided by the system vendor
Neo4jOrientDBSolrXTDB infoformerly named Crux
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j ā€“ Start your Graph
15 January 2022

Jim Webber with Dr. Edgar Osuna: Using Graphs to Take Down Fraudsters
13 January 2022

This Week in Neo4j ā€“ Best of Graph 2021 Part 2
8 January 2022

Use Graphs for Smarter AI with Neo4j and Google Cloud Vertex AI
7 January 2022

Transforming Innovation: Digital Twin for the Win!
6 January 2022

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Neo4jOrientDBSolrXTDB infoformerly named Crux
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