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DBMS > Neo4j vs. OrientDB vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Neo4j vs. OrientDB vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)Cloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelGraph DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score57.16
Rank#18  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score4.16
Rank#81  Overall
#12  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Score40.04
Rank#25  Overall
#16  Relational DBMS
Websiteneo4j.comorientdb.orgwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationneo4j.com/­docswww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.htmldocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperNeo4j, Inc.OrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPSnowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release200720102014
Current release4.3.2, July 20213.1.9, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)hosted
Data schemeschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")yes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query language, no joinsyes
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJava, Javascriptuser defined functions
Triggersyes infovia event handlerHooksno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes using Neo4j FabricShardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replicationyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocould be achieved with distributed queriesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationship in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles; record level security configurableUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
Neo4jOrientDBSnowflake
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j – DeFi Blockchain Graph, FlatData, NER with SpaCy, NODES talks on API, App Development, DevOps, GraphQL, Bloom, Visual Query Builder
24 July 2021

#GraphCast: Graph-Native Scale, the Trillion+ Relationship Graph
23 July 2021

Certified Neo4j Professional T-Shirts Are Back!
22 July 2021

This Week in Neo4j – Data Journalism NYPD, Django Admin, Visualization Talks, CEO Podcast, Write Performance, Java GraphQL
17 July 2021

Graphs4Good: Insights into Police Misconduct with Graphs
15 July 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more
DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Neo4jOrientDBSnowflake
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

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Graph DBMS increased their popularity by 500% within the last 2 years
3 March 2015, Paul Andlinger

Graph DBMSs are gaining in popularity faster than any other database category
21 January 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

Video Highlights: Emil Eifrem on the Origins of Neo4j and the Ubiquity of Graphs
27 June 2021, insideBIGDATA

The Next Snowflake? Two Highfliers Raise $452M in Red-Hot Cloud Database Market
24 June 2021, Cloud Wars

14 Year Old Database Startup Raises $325M To Challenge Oracle
3 July 2021, Forbes

Neo4j's Series F financing – Global Legal Chronicle
24 June 2021, Global Legal Chronicle

Non-relational's quiet revolution in databases
1 July 2021, TechRepublic

provided by Google News

Global Graph Database Sales Market 2021 Future Set to Massive Growth with High CAGR value | Market Players: International Business Machines Corporation, OrientDB, DataStax, ArangoDB GmbH., Objectivity, Oracle, Neo Technology, Franz, Ontotext AD, S
20 July 2021, NeighborWebSJ

NoSQL Software Market 2021 Analysis by Trends, Technological Advancement, Forecast till 2028 | MongoDB, OrientDB, Amazon, Azure Cosmos DB, Couchbase, ArangoDB – The Manomet Current
25 June 2021, The Manomet Current

Graph Database Market Size, Forecast, and Key Manufacturers – Amazon Web Services, Franz, IBM, Microsoft, Neo4j, OpenLink Software – The Manomet Current
23 July 2021, The Manomet Current

Graph Database Market Size Analysis And Opportunities During 2021 To 2027| OrientDB, DataStax, ArangoDB GmbH.
29 June 2021, openPR

Graph Database Market 2019 | Strategic Assessment by Top Players: ArangoDB, Datastax Inc., Franz Inc., and More… – The Manomet Current
16 July 2021, The Manomet Current

provided by Google News

With Addressable Market Expanding, Is Snowflake Stock A Buy?
22 July 2021, Forbes

Snowflake Expands Partner Program To Include SaaS Developers, Data Providers
25 June 2021, CRN

Snowflake: Betting On The Data Storage Transformation
1 July 2021, Seeking Alpha

Snowflake: Benefiting From The Migration Of Data To The Cloud
28 June 2021, Seeking Alpha

The Next Snowflake? Two Highfliers Raise $452M in Red-Hot Cloud Database Market
24 June 2021, Cloud Wars

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

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