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DBMS > Neo4j vs. Oracle Rdb vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Neo4j vs. Oracle Rdb vs. Stardog

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Rdb  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen source graph databaseEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualization
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score48.92
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score1.34
Rank#143  Overall
#71  Relational DBMS
Score1.26
Rank#148  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Websiteneo4j.comwww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­rdb/­overview/­index.htmlwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationneo4j.com/­docswww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperNeo4j, Inc.Oracle, originally developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC)Stardog-Union
Initial release200719842010
Current release4.0.5, June 20207.3.3.2.0, 20197.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercialcommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
HP Open VMSLinux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-free and schema-optionalFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)schema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Server
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersyes infovia event handleryes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMaster-master replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyesyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyes, on a single nodeACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Neo4jOracle RdbStardog
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j – Flask User Auth, COVID19: The Effect of the Seasons, GDS Graph Embeddings
4 July 2020

#GraphCast: What Is a Graph Database in 10 Minutes
3 July 2020

Getting Started with Neo4j Fabric
2 July 2020

The Secret Sauce of Neo4j: Modeling and Querying Graphs
1 July 2020

Rethink Your Master Data: The Limits of Relational Databases
29 June 2020

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

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More resources
Neo4jOracle RdbStardog
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

Recent citations in the news

Introducing Bundle Layout and Support for MongoDB 4.2 and Neo4j 4.0
1 July 2020, PR Web

Change data capture from Neo4j to Amazon Neptune using Amazon Managed Streaming for Apache Kafka
22 June 2020, idk.dev

Graph Databases Software Market 2020 latest developments and prospects – SAP, Twitter, Neo4j, IBM, Oracle
22 June 2020, Cole of Duty

GPU Database Market Survey Report 2020-2026: Kinetica DB, OmniSci, Neo4j
1 July 2020, NJ MMA News

Global Graph Database Market 2020 – triAGENS GmbH(Arango DB), Neo4j, Inc, OrientDB Ltd, Cayley
29 June 2020, Bandera County Courier

provided by Google News

New Eclipse Tools for OpenVMS and Oracle RDB Certified by eCube Systems to Work with NXTware Remote
12 November 2013, PR Web

Database Types from Hierarchical to Graph: An Industry Breakdown
30 May 2018, Dice Insights

provided by Google News

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