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DBMS > Neo4j vs. Oracle Rdb vs. Sqrrl

System Properties Comparison Neo4j vs. Oracle Rdb vs. Sqrrl

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Rdb  Xexclude from comparisonSqrrl  Xexclude from comparison
Sqrrl has been acquired by Amazon and became a part of Amazon Web Services. It has been removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionOpen source graph databaseAdaptable, secure NoSQL built on Apache Accumulo
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score48.92
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score1.34
Rank#143  Overall
#71  Relational DBMS
Websiteneo4j.comwww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­rdb/­overview/­index.htmlsqrrl.com
Technical documentationneo4j.com/­docs
DeveloperNeo4j, Inc.Oracle, originally developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC)Amazon infooriginally Sqrrl Data, Inc.
Initial release200719842012
Current release4.0.5, June 20207.3.3.2.0, 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
HP Open VMSLinux
Data schemeschema-free and schema-optionalFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)schema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesno
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Accumulo Shell
Java API
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Actionscript
C infousing GLib
C#
C++
Cocoa
Delphi
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsno
Triggersyes infovia event handlerno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infomaking use of Hadoop
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyselectable replication factor infomaking use of Hadoop
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency infoDocument store kept consistent with combination of global timestamping, row-level transactions, and server-side consistency resolution.
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyes, on a single nodeAtomic updates per row, document, or graph entity
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Cell-level Security, Data-Centric Security, Role-Based Access Control (RBAC), Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC)
More information provided by the system vendor
Neo4jOracle RdbSqrrl
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j – Web Applications with Neo4j and TypeScript, Neo4j Desktop Release, Graph Embeddings Tutorial
11 July 2020

The Power of Graph Data Science: 5-Minute Interview with Alicia Frame
10 July 2020

Building the Enterprise Knowledge Graph
8 July 2020

Introducing Drivine: Graph Database Client for Node.js and Typescript
7 July 2020

Rethink Your Master Data: How Graphs and MDM Intersect
6 July 2020

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Neo4jOracle RdbSqrrl
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