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DBMS > Neo4j vs. Oracle Rdb vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Neo4j vs. Oracle Rdb vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Rdb  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen source graph databaseWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score51.66
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score0.99
Rank#153  Overall
#74  Relational DBMS
Score507.19
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websiteneo4j.comwww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­rdb/­overview/­index.htmlwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationneo4j.com/­docswww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperNeo4j, Inc.Oracle, originally developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC)PostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release200719841989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release3.5.8, July 201912.1, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercialOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
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Implementation languageJava, ScalaC
Server operating systemsLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
HP Open VMSFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-free and schema-optionalFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyes infovia event handleryes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonepartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyes, on a single nodeACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Neo4jOracle RdbPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j – Discovering the Soul of a Product, UK Singles Chart Graph, Building Real-Time UIs with Kafka and Vue.js
18 January 2020

Creating Aha Moments for Developers: The 5-Minute Interview with Jennifer Reif, Developer Relations Engineer at Neo4j
17 January 2020

Graphs to Fight Diabetes
15 January 2020

This Week in Neo4j – Analyzing .NET Dependencies, Coloring a Sudoku Graph, Christmas Messages Graph, Making Graph Algorithms ‘Clique’
11 January 2020

#GraphCast: How-To Video Series
10 January 2020

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Neo4jOracle RdbPostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Conferences and events

GraphConnect 2020
New York, USA, 20-22 April 2020

PGCon 2020, PostgreSQL Conference for Users and Developers
Ottawa, Canada, 26-29 May 2020

Recent citations in the news

Neo4j the graph database
14 January 2020, App Developer Magazine

Graph Database Market 2019 Latest Analysis – triAGENS GmbH(Arango DB), Neo4j, Inc, OrientDB Ltd, Cayley – Dagoretti News
24 January 2020, Dagoretti News

Graph Database Market Key Futuristic Trends with Current Industry Landscape by 2027 – MarkLogic Corporation, Neo4j, Inc., Oracle Corporation, OpenLink Software, Teradata Corporation – Dagoretti News
23 January 2020, Dagoretti News

Neo4j introduces new cloud service to simplify building a graph database
6 November 2019, TechCrunch

Neo4j is the Graph Database of Choice for World's Top Financial Services Organizations
22 October 2019, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

Database Types from Hierarchical to Graph: An Industry Breakdown
30 May 2018, Dice Insights

New Eclipse Tools for OpenVMS and Oracle RDB Certified by eCube Systems to Work with NXTware Remote
12 November 2013, PR Web

provided by Google News

Aqua Data Studio Version 20.5 Introduces Support for Amazon RDS
14 January 2020, Yahoo Finance

GitLab 12.7 adds parent-child pipelines for increased performance
23 January 2020, JAXenter

Global NoSQL Market Key Business Opportunities | Microsoft SQL Server, MySQL, MongoDB, PostgreSQL - Expedition 99
23 January 2020, Expedition 99

Database Management System (DBMS) Market is Thriving Worldwide | Microsoft, Software AG, IBM, Oracle, PostgreSQL, NCR
21 January 2020, The Market Journal

Hands-on SQL in PostgreSQL
16 December 2019, Database Journal

provided by Google News

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