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DBMS > Neo4j vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Neo4j vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. Stardog

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOracle NoSQL  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen source graph databaseKey-value store based on Berkeley DB Java EditionEnterprise Knowledge Graph and graph DBMS with high availability and high performance reasoning
Primary database modelGraph DBMSKey-value storeGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score48.39
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score4.16
Rank#75  Overall
#12  Key-value stores
Score0.89
Rank#165  Overall
#12  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Websiteneo4j.comwww.oracle.com/­database/­nosql/­index.htmlwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationneo4j.com/­docsdocs.oracle.com/­cd/­NOSQL/­index.htmlwww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperNeo4j, Inc.OracleStardog-Union
Initial release200720112010
Current release3.5.4, April 201918.3, November 20186.2.3, July 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache V2 for Community Edition, proprietary license for Enterprise Editioncommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaJavaJava
Server operating systemsLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Solaris SPARC/x86
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-free and schema-optionaloptional, scheme definition possible with AVRO or in 'table-style'schema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesoptionalyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsSPARQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
RESTful HTTP APIGraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsnouser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersyes infovia event handlernoyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyElectable Master-Slave per shardMaster-master replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnowith Hadoop integrationno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infodepending on configuration
Immediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsnoyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDconfigurable infoACID within a storage node (=shard)ACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infooff heap cacheyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and rolesAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Neo4jOracle NoSQLStardog
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Oracle NoSQL Database is a scalable , distributed NoSQL database, designed to provide...
» more
Stardog is a knowledge graph platform backed by a performant, scalable graph database....
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Data can be modeled as relational-database-style tables, JSON documents, RDF Triples...
» more
Stardog is uniquely designed to aid in data integration for your complex data. Benefits...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Internet of Things where large volume of data needs to be stored and processed very...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Large credit card company Airbus NTT Docomo Global rewards company
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Oracle NoSQL Database is used by hundreds of companies around the world. Oracle NoSQL...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
Oracle NoSQL Database Enterprise Edition can be purchased under the Oracle Commercial...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j – New Data Science Online Courses, Finding Fraud, Using Neo4j With Laravel, New NSMNTX Release, Graph Algorithms From OSCON, and More!
24 August 2019

Context for AI Ops: 5-Minute Interview with Atul Gupta
23 August 2019

Announcing Data Science with Neo4j And Applied Graph Algorithms Online Training Courses
22 August 2019

AI & Graph Technology: Connections Improve Accuracy
19 August 2019

This Week in Neo4j – 4.0 Milestone Testing, Highschool Popularity Algorithms, Minecraft Crafting Tree, Cancer Graph and Social Network Pagination
17 August 2019

Related products and services

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More resources
Neo4jOracle NoSQLStardog
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

Conferences and events

GraphConnect 2020
New York, USA, 20-22 April 2020

Recent citations in the news

Neo4j charts tighter grip on graph data-at-rest
29 July 2019, ComputerWeekly.com

NEORIS Forges Global Partnership with Neo4j to Augment Human Intelligence and Data Management Capabilities at Scale
1 August 2019, PRNewswire

New Graph Database Performance Benchmark Confirms Graph Databases are Ready for Solving Real-World Business Intelligence, Data Challenges
14 August 2019, Yahoo Finance

Graph Databases Software Market Is Booming Worldwide | Top key Players Like Neo4j, ArangoDB, Amazon Neptune, OrientDB, Cassandra, FlockDB, Cayley, Titan, IBM Graph
23 August 2019, Indian Columnist

Neo4j raises $80 million for next-generation graph databases
1 November 2018, VentureBeat

provided by Google News

Oracle NoSQL Database
3 April 2018, TechTarget

Cloud database comparison: AWS, Microsoft, Google and Oracle
28 June 2019, TechTarget

Charles Pack Examines the Benefits of Oracle NoSQL for the Oracle RDBMS DBA
10 May 2016, Database Trends and Applications

Oracle Defies Self With 'NoSQL' Database
3 October 2011, Wired News

Top Open source NoSQL database programs
15 May 2019, H2S Media

provided by Google News

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