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DBMS > Neo4j vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Neo4j vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. Stardog

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen source graph databaseWidely used in-process key-value storeEnterprise Knowledge Graph and graph DBMS with high availability and high performance reasoning
Primary database modelGraph DBMSKey-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
Graph DBMS
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score48.39
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score3.34
Rank#84  Overall
#15  Key-value stores
#2  Native XML DBMS
Score0.89
Rank#165  Overall
#12  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Websiteneo4j.comwww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­berkeleydb/­overview/­index.htmlwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationneo4j.com/­docsdocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.htmlwww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperNeo4j, Inc.Oracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by OracleStardog-Union
Initial release200719942010
Current release3.5.4, April 201918.1 (Core), June 20186.2.3, July 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infocommercial license availablecommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaC, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)Java
Server operating systemsLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-free and schema-optionalschema-freeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML editionno infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is availableSPARQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
Perl
Python
Tcl
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsnouser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersyes infovia event handleryes infoonly for the SQL APIyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMaster-slave replicationMaster-master replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsnoyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)noAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Neo4jOracle Berkeley DBStardog
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Stardog is a knowledge graph platform backed by a performant, scalable graph database....
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Stardog is uniquely designed to aid in data integration for your complex data. Benefits...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
News

AI & Graph Technology: Connections Improve Accuracy
19 August 2019

This Week in Neo4j – 4.0 Milestone Testing, Highschool Popularity Algorithms, Minecraft Crafting Tree, Cancer Graph and Social Network Pagination
17 August 2019

#GraphCast: Better Data, Better Decisions
16 August 2019

Visualizing This Week in Tech
15 August 2019

AI & Graph Technology: How Graphs Accelerate Machine Learning
12 August 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

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More resources
Neo4jOracle Berkeley DBStardog
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

Conferences and events

GraphConnect 2020
New York, USA, 20-22 April 2020

Recent citations in the news

Neo4j and Thales bring data security to the graph database
25 July 2019, Help Net Security

Neo4j charts tighter grip on graph data-at-rest
29 July 2019, ComputerWeekly.com

Neo4j & Thales Team Up to Offer Graph Data-at-Rest Encryption
23 July 2019, PRNewswire

NEORIS Forges Global Partnership with Neo4j to Augment Human Intelligence and Data Management Capabilities at Scale
1 August 2019, PRNewswire

New Graph Database Performance Benchmark Confirms Graph Databases are Ready for Solving Real-World Business Intelligence, Data Challenges
14 August 2019, Yahoo Finance

provided by Google News

Oracle switches Berkeley DB license
5 July 2013, InfoWorld

Getting Started with Oracle Berkeley DB
5 July 2015, DZone News

Database Trends Report: SQL Beats NoSQL, MySQL Most Popular
5 March 2019, ADT Magazine

Under the Hood: Oracle Berkeley DB XML
7 May 2008, XML.com

Oracle's First Dozen Cloud Blockchain Applications Are Now Live
12 February 2019, CoinDesk

provided by Google News

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