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DBMS > Neo4j vs. Oracle vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Neo4j vs. Oracle vs. Stardog

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsWidely used RDBMSEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualization
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score60.14
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score1262.82
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score1.88
Rank#128  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Websiteneo4j.comwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.stardog.com
Technical documentationneo4j.com/­docsdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasedocs.stardog.com
DeveloperNeo4j, Inc.OracleStardog-Union
Initial release200719802010
Current release4.4.7, May 202219c, February 20197.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaC and C++Java
Server operating systemsLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-free and schema-optionalyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Server
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersyes infovia event handleryesyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes using Neo4j FabricSharding, horizontal partitioningnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan be realized in PL/SQLno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyesyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Neo4jOracleStardog
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Supply chain optimization Operational Risk Digital...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Bosch, NASA, Boehringer Ingelheim, Morgan Stanley, Schneider Electric, FINRA and...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
You can start for free! A fully-featured license is available for those testing Stardog:...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j: Graph Composition, Cypher Tips, Dataset Analysis, Kafka Messages, Running Backups, Legal AI, and More
21 May 2022

How Knowledge Graphs Drive More Sales With Real-Time Recommendation Engines
20 May 2022

Our Journey to Self-Discovery: Synthesizing 30 Years of Data Pipelines With Knowledge Graphs
17 May 2022

How Knowledge Graphs Drive More Sales With Real-Time Recommendation Engines
16 May 2022

This Week in Neo4j: Graphs4Good, GraphQL, Game of Life, Information Extraction, Cypher Map Projection, and More
14 May 2022

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
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Navicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Neo4jOracleStardog
DB-Engines blog posts

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Recent citations in the news

ICIJ is hiring a new Neo4j Connected Data Fellow
18 May 2022, ICIJ.org

Neo4j Appoints Chief Marketing Officer
10 May 2022, PR Newswire

GPU Database Market 2022 Industry Dynamic Forces – Neo4j, Brytlyt, Blazegraph, HeteroDB, Graphistry, etc – The Daily Vale
22 May 2022, The Daily Vale

One on One: with Neo4j A/NZ general manager Peter Philipp
13 May 2022, Reseller News

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25 April 2022, CRN.in

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24 May 2022, The Daily Vale

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