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DBMS > Neo4j vs. Oracle vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Neo4j vs. Oracle vs. Stardog

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen source graph databaseWidely used RDBMSSemantic graph DBMS, developed in Java
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score51.03
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score1285.55
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score0.75
Rank#167  Overall
#12  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Websiteneo4j.comwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.stardog.com
Technical documentationneo4j.com/­docsdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasewww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperNeo4j, Inc.OracleComplexible Inc.
Initial release200719802010
Current release3.5.4, April 201919c, February 20194.2.4, March 2017
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial infoLimited community edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaC and C++Java
Server operating systemsLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
All OS with a Java VM
Data schemeschema-free and schema-optionalyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsSPARQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
JDBC
ODBC
HTTP API
OWL
SPARQL
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleno
Triggersyes infovia event handleryesyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioningnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication in HA-Cluster infousing Apache ZooKeeper
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan be realized in PL/SQLno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyesyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Neo4jOracleStardog
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Oracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
Oracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more

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More resources
Neo4jOracleStardog
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