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DBMS > Neo4j vs. Oracle vs. SQream DB vs. Tkrzw

System Properties Comparison Neo4j vs. Oracle vs. SQream DB vs. Tkrzw

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonSQream DB  Xexclude from comparisonTkrzw infoSuccessor of Tokyo Cabinet and Kyoto Cabinet  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsWidely used RDBMSa GPU-based, columnar RDBMS for big data analytics workloadsA concept of libraries, allowing an application program to store and query key-value pairs in a file. Successor of Tokyo Cabinet and Kyoto Cabinet
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score58.03
Rank#20  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score1266.89
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score0.59
Rank#226  Overall
#110  Relational DBMS
Score0.02
Rank#340  Overall
#54  Key-value stores
Websiteneo4j.comwww.oracle.com/­databasesqream.comdbmx.net/­tkrzw
Technical documentationneo4j.com/­docsdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasedocs.sqream.com
DeveloperNeo4j, Inc.OracleSQream TechnologiesMikio Hirabayashi
Initial release2007198020142020
Current release4.4.3, January 202219c, February 20192021.2, September 20210.9.3, August 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaC and C++C++, CUDA, Haskell, Java, ScalaC++
Server operating systemsLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
LinuxLinux
macOS
Data schemeschema-free and schema-optionalyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes, ANSI Standard SQL Typesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsyesno
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
.Net
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C++
Java
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleuser defined functions in Pythonno
Triggersyes infovia event handleryesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes using Neo4j FabricSharding, horizontal partitioninghorizontal and vertical partitioningnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
nonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan be realized in PL/SQLnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yes infousing specific database classes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno
More information provided by the system vendor
Neo4jOracleSQream DBTkrzw infoSuccessor of Tokyo Cabinet and Kyoto Cabinet
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Due to exponentially growing data, organizations today are facing slowdowns, with...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Much faster time to insight Analyze significantly more data Achieve previously unobtainable...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
What can you do with 100x faster SQL analytics? Better and more timely decision making...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Some of our customers include: LG Uplus, AIS (Advanced Info Service), ACL Mobile,...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

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20 January 2022

Neo4j in the News – Winter Edition: Neo4j Growth, Big Data, and Cybercrime
19 January 2022

Doctor.ai, a Voice Chatbot for Healthcare, Powered by Neo4j and AWS
18 January 2022

This Week in Neo4j – Start Your Graph
15 January 2022

Trend-Setting Products in Data and Information Management for 2022
4 January 2022

SQream Snaps Up Panoply to Supercharge its Cloud Offerings
19 December 2021

SQream acquires Israel’s Panoply in $60-70 million deal
16 December 2021

SQream acquires no-code data platform Panoply
16 December 2021

SQream acquires no-code data platform Panoply
16 December 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
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More resources
Neo4jOracleSQream DBTkrzw infoSuccessor of Tokyo Cabinet and Kyoto Cabinet
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28 December 2021, InfoQ.com

Neo4j raises Neo$325M as graph-based data analysis takes hold in enterprise
17 June 2021, TechCrunch

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