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DBMS > Neo4j vs. Oracle vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison Neo4j vs. Oracle vs. SQLite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsWidely used RDBMSWidely used embeddable, in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score57.98
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score1272.73
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score129.80
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Websiteneo4j.comwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationneo4j.com/­docsdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasewww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperNeo4j, Inc.OracleDwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release200719802000
Current release4.3.7, November 202119c, February 20193.36.0  (18 June 2021), June 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaC and C++C
Server operating systemsLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
server-less
Data schemeschema-free and schema-optionalyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleno
Triggersyes infovia event handleryesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes using Neo4j FabricSharding, horizontal partitioningnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan be realized in PL/SQLno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno
More information provided by the system vendor
Neo4jOracleSQLite
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

Using a Hybrid Technique to Detect Illicit Activities in Shell Companies
22 November 2021

This Week in Neo4j – Health Care & Life Sciences Workshop, Cloudflare Workers, Apache Hop, and More
20 November 2021

From Law Enforcement to Graph Technology: An Unlikely Relationship
19 November 2021

From Graph to Knowledge Graph: Actioning vs. Decisioning Knowledge Graphs
17 November 2021

This Week in Neo4j – Big Announcements, Rugby Stats, Social Graphs, and Mergers & Acquisitions
13 November 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
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SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
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Navicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
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Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
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Navicat for SQLite is a powerful and comprehensive SQLite GUI that provides a complete set of functions for database management and development.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Neo4jOracleSQLite
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

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2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

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3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

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Big gains for Relational Database Management Systems in DB-Engines Ranking
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Recent citations in the news

Graph database company Neo4j launches free fully-managed cloud service
3 November 2021, VentureBeat

Neo4j Will Use Funds to Expand Managed Cloud Database
9 November 2021, DevOps.com

Neo4j Delivers 417% ROI in 2021 Total Economic Impact Study
18 November 2021, PRNewswire

Google's Ex-CFO Joins Board of $2bn Database Startup Neo4j
9 November 2021, Business Insider

Neo4j AuraDB Free is Now Available in Asia Pacific
15 November 2021, Data & Storage Asean

provided by Google News

Oracle beats NEC's fraud claims in dispute over database license
3 November 2021, Reuters

Quest Releases SharePlex 10.1.2 to Help Customers Get More
22 November 2021, GlobeNewswire

Amazon Introduces RDS Custom for Legacy and Custom Oracle Databases
30 October 2021, InfoQ.com

System at the heart of scaled-back £30m Sheffield University project runs on end-of-life Oracle database
11 November 2021, The Register

EDB Announces General Availability of a PostgreSQL Database in the Cloud: BigAnimal
17 November 2021, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

Python Databases 101: Which to Choose?
22 November 2021, Built In

Thousands of Firefox users accidentally commit login cookies on GitHub
18 November 2021, The Register

SQLite On The Web: Absurd-sql
24 August 2021, Hackaday

SQLite Extraction of Oracle Tables Tools, Methods and Pitfalls
20 July 2021, Linux Journal

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