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DBMS > Neo4j vs. Oracle vs. RDFox

System Properties Comparison Neo4j vs. Oracle vs. RDFox

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonRDFox  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsWidely used RDBMSHigh performance knowledge graph and semantic reasoning engine
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score44.36
Rank#23  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score1221.06
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score0.25
Rank#317  Overall
#26  Graph DBMS
#15  RDF stores
Websiteneo4j.comwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.oxfordsemantic.tech
Technical documentationneo4j.com/­docsdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasedocs.oxfordsemantic.tech
DeveloperNeo4j, Inc.OracleOxford Semantic Technologies
Initial release200719802017
Current release5.17, February 202421c, January 20216.0, Septermber 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4jā€™s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaC and C++C++
Server operating systemsLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-free and schema-optionalyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyes infoRDF schemas
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes
Secondary indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL 1.1
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
C
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersyes infovia event handleryes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes using Neo4j FabricSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
replication via a shared file system
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in stand-alone mode, Eventual Consistency in replicated setups
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardRoles, resources, and access types
More information provided by the system vendor
Neo4jOracleRDFox
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j: GraphAcademy, Algorithms, GenAI, Knowledge Graphs and more
2 March 2024

What Is Retrieval-Augmented Generation (RAG)? ā€” Overcoming the Limitations of Fine-Tuning & Vector-Only RAG
27 February 2024

This Week in Neo4j: Data Journalism, LLMs, Object Mapping, Cypher and more
17 February 2024

This Week in Neo4j: LLMs, Vectors, Metadata Management, Streamlit and more
10 February 2024

This Week in Neo4j: Embeddings, Algorithms, Docker, LangChain and more
3 February 2024

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Neo4jOracleRDFox
DB-Engines blog posts

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2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

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25 November 2016, Tony Branson (guest author)

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Recent citations in the news

IDJC Receives Neo4j Research Grant to Track 2024 Campaign Misinformation ā€” Syracuse University News
8 February 2024, Syracuse University News

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