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DBMS > Neo4j vs. Oracle vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Neo4j vs. Oracle vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen source graph databaseWidely used RDBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score54.64
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score1325.60
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score547.57
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websiteneo4j.comwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationneo4j.com/­docsdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasewww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperNeo4j, Inc.OraclePostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release200719801989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release4.1.4, November 202019c, February 201913.1, November 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaC and C++C
Server operating systemsLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-free and schema-optionalyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyes infovia event handleryesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioningpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan be realized in PL/SQLno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'no
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Neo4jOraclePostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Oracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
Oracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j – Creating Charts from your Graphs, Neo4j 4.0 Certification exam, Working with a Multilingual Thesaurus
5 December 2020

Simplifying Data Visualization: 5-Minute Interview with Varun Bhandary
4 December 2020

Graph Data Platforms: From a Napkin Sketch to a Category Leader
3 December 2020

New Certification Exam Available: Neo4j 4.0 Certification
2 December 2020

Visualizing Fraud with Neo4j and GRANDstack
1 December 2020

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Neo4jOraclePostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

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MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Architecting eCommerce Platforms for Zero Downtime on Black Friday and Beyond
25 November 2016, Tony Branson (guest author)

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PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

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Conferences and events

PostgreSQL Online Trainings
Online Training Courses, 4 May 2020 - 11 December 2020

Recent citations in the news

Neo4j Named a Leader in Graph Data Platforms by Independent Research Firm
16 November 2020, PRNewswire

These startups prove it pays to bet on open-source DevOps tools
16 November 2020, TechGenix

Embedded Database System Market to Witness Huge Growth By 2025 | McObject, Microsoft, Neo4j
3 December 2020, Cheshire Media

Global Graph Database Market Top Players: triAGENS GmbH(Arango DB), Neo4j, Inc, OrientDB Ltd, Cayley etc.
3 December 2020, Canaan Mountain Herald

Executive Perspective: The Power of Graph Databases
10 November 2020, TDWI

provided by Google News

Oracle Launches MySQL Database Service With Business Analytics Capabilities
3 December 2020, CRN

Oracle adds data warehousing to MySQL
3 December 2020, TechRadar

Druva Is All Set To Deliver Data Protection For Oracle Databases To Industries
18 November 2020, Entrepreneur

Oracle Calls Out AWS on Exadata Cloud Service, Shares Customer Wins
13 November 2020, Cloud Wars

Oracle Flies Overall Leader Flag Over AWS Camp
5 November 2020, SDxCentral

provided by Google News

Amazon just open sourced an easier path to PostgreSQL
1 December 2020, TechRepublic

MEDIA ALERT: Swarm64 Webinar to Introduce PG Nitrous, New PostgreSQL Cloud, Hosted on AWS and Accelerated by Swarm64 DA
30 November 2020, Business Wire

Developers increasingly pair MongoDB with PostgreSQL, survey finds
23 November 2020, CTOvision

EDB Drives Further Postgres Innovation with Release of EDB 13
17 November 2020, DevOps.com

Postgres Professional and Zabbix to Co-Host Complimentary Virtual PostgreSQL Monitoring Day
30 November 2020, GlobeNewswire

provided by Google News

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