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DBMS > Neo4j vs. OpenSearch vs. Trafodion

System Properties Comparison Neo4j vs. OpenSearch vs. Trafodion

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOpenSearch  Xexclude from comparisonTrafodion  Xexclude from comparison
Apache Trafodion has been retired in 2021. Therefore it is excluded from the DB-Engines Ranking.
DescriptionScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsA distributed, RESTful search and analytics engine forked from Elasticsearch and based on Apache LuceneTransactional SQL-on-Hadoop DBMS
Primary database modelGraph DBMSSearch engineRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsVector DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score44.46
Rank#23  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score16.36
Rank#37  Overall
#4  Search engines
Websiteneo4j.comgithub.com/­opensearch-project
opensearch.org
trafodion.apache.org
Technical documentationneo4j.com/­docsopensearch.org/­docs/­latesttrafodion.apache.org/­documentation.html
DeveloperNeo4j, Inc.Amazon Web ServicesApache Software Foundation, originally developed by HP
Initial release200720212014
Current release5.19, April 20242.5.0, January 20232.3.0, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
  • STACKIT OpenSearch offers OpenSearch in a managed version in enterprise grade, 100% GDPR-compliant, for a wide range of applications like analytics, website search, offering scalability and fast data access.
  • Aiven for OpenSearch: Fully managed open source search and analytics suite. Out-of-the-box integrations get you up and running in a couple of clicks.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaJavaC++, Java
Server operating systemsLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinux
Data schemeschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query languageyes
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby infoElasticsearch client
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsyesJava Stored Procedures
Triggersyes infovia event handleryes infoby using the 'percolation' featureno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes using Neo4j FabricShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyyesyes, via HBase
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infovia user defined functions and HBase
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Eventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Neo4jOpenSearchTrafodion
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
OpenSearch is a highly scalable and extensible open-source software suite for search,...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Distributed as fully open source under Apache License, Version 2.0 (ALv2), OpenSearch...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
The OpenSearch platform is used across a broad range of search , analytics, and observability...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
The OpenSearch Project offers open source software licensed under Apache License...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j: Podcast, GraphRAG, GraphQL, Chatbot and more
18 May 2024

Neo4j Joins the Connect with Confluent Partner Program
16 May 2024

10 Inspiring Projects to Spark Your NODES 2024 Presentation
15 May 2024

New Security Feature in Neo4j Aura: Customer Managed Keys
15 May 2024

Safeguarding Elections: How Graph Technology Powers Groundbreaking Research on Political Ads
13 May 2024

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesAiven for OpenSearch: Fully managed open source search and analytics suite. Out-of-the-box integrations get you up and running in a couple of clicks.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Neo4jOpenSearchTrafodion
DB-Engines blog posts

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12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

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