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DBMS > eXtremeDB vs. Neo4j vs. OmniSci vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison eXtremeDB vs. Neo4j vs. OmniSci vs. Virtuoso

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameeXtremeDB  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOmniSci infoFormerly named 'MapD', rebranded to 'OmniSci' in September 2018  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionNatively in-memory DBMS with options for persistency, high-availability and clusteringOpen source graph databaseA high performance, in-memory, column-oriented RDBMS, designed to run on GPUsVirtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Graph DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.44
Rank#217  Overall
#103  Relational DBMS
#12  Time Series DBMS
Score51.66
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score2.30
Rank#105  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Score2.65
Rank#96  Overall
#5  Graph DBMS
#3  Native XML DBMS
#47  Relational DBMS
#2  RDF stores
#11  Search engines
Websitewww.mcobject.com/­extremedbfamilyneo4j.comwww.omnisci.comvirtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationwww.mcobject.com/­docs/­eXtremeDB.htmneo4j.com/­docsdocs.omnisci.com/­latestdocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
DeveloperMcObjectNeo4j, Inc.MapD Technologies, Inc.OpenLink Software
Initial release2001200720161998
Current release8.0, May 20183.5.8, July 2019V48.3, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2; enterprise edition availableOpen Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC and C++Java, ScalaC++ and CUDAC
Server operating systemsAIX
HP-UX
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
LinuxAIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free and schema-optionalyesyes infoSQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infosupport of XML interfaces availablenoyes
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucenenoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith the option: eXtremeSQLnoyesyes infoSQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
APIs and other access methods.NET Client API
JDBC
JNI
ODBC
proprietary protocol
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
ADO.NET
GeoSPARQL
HTTP API
JDBC
Jena RDF API
ODBC
OLE DB
RDF4J API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SOAP webservices
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
XPath
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
Lua
Python
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/Thrift
Python
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsnoyes infoVirtuoso PL
Triggersyes infoby defining eventsyes infovia event handlernoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning / shardingnoneSharding infoRound robinyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infoby means of eXtremeDB Cluster option
Master-slave replication infoby means of eXtremeDB High Availability option
Causal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMaster-master replicationChain, star, and bi-directional replication
Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoRelationships in graphsnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoOptimistic (MVCC) and pessimistic (locking) strategies availableyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardFine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
eXtremeDBNeo4jOmniSci infoFormerly named 'MapD', rebranded to 'OmniSci' in September 2018Virtuoso
Specific characteristicseXtremeDB is an in-memory and/or persistent database system that offers an ultra-small...
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Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Virtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantageseXtremeDB databases can be modeled relationally or as objects and can utilize SQL...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Performance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
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Typical application scenariosIoT application across all markets: Industrial Control, Netcom, Telecom, Defense,...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
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Used for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
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Key customersSchneider Electronics, F5 Networks, TNS, Boeing, Northrop Grumman, GoPro, ViaSat,...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Broad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsWith hundreds of customers and over 28 million devices/applications using the product...
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Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Largest installed-base ​of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsFor server use cases, there is a simple per-server license irrespective of the number...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
Available in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more
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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
eXtremeDBNeo4jOmniSci infoFormerly named 'MapD', rebranded to 'OmniSci' in September 2018Virtuoso
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Conferences and events

GraphConnect 2020
New York, USA, 20-22 April 2020

Recent citations in the news

eXtremeDB 8.1 adds features for easier, more sophisticated database management
19 November 2019, GlobeNewswire

eXtremeDB 8.1 Adds Features for Database Management
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eXtremeDB shortlisted for two Data Management Insight Awards
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