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DBMS > Neo4j vs. OmniSci vs. SQLite vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison Neo4j vs. OmniSci vs. SQLite vs. Virtuoso

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOmniSci infoFormerly named 'MapD', rebranded to 'OmniSci' in September 2018  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen source graph databaseA high performance, in-memory, column-oriented RDBMS, designed to run on GPUsWidely used in-process RDBMSVirtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score51.66
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score2.30
Rank#105  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Score122.14
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Score2.65
Rank#96  Overall
#5  Graph DBMS
#3  Native XML DBMS
#47  Relational DBMS
#2  RDF stores
#11  Search engines
Websiteneo4j.comwww.omnisci.comwww.sqlite.orgvirtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationneo4j.com/­docsdocs.omnisci.com/­latestwww.sqlite.org/­docs.htmldocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
DeveloperNeo4j, Inc.MapD Technologies, Inc.Dwayne Richard HippOpenLink Software
Initial release2007201620001998
Current release3.5.8, July 2019V43.30.1, October 20198.3, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2; enterprise edition availableOpen Source infoPublic DomainOpen Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaC++ and CUDACC
Server operating systemsLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linuxserver-lessAIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-free and schema-optionalyesyes infodynamic column typesyes infoSQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.yes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucenenoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supportedyes infoSQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
ADO.NET
GeoSPARQL
HTTP API
JDBC
Jena RDF API
ODBC
OLE DB
RDF4J API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SOAP webservices
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
XPath
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/Thrift
Python
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsnonoyes infoVirtuoso PL
Triggersyes infovia event handlernoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoRound robinnoneyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMaster-master replicationnoneChain, star, and bi-directional replication
Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsnoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infovia file-system locksyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoFine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
Neo4jOmniSci infoFormerly named 'MapD', rebranded to 'OmniSci' in September 2018SQLiteVirtuoso
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Virtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Performance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Used for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Broad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Largest installed-base ​of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
Available in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j – Discovering the Soul of a Product, UK Singles Chart Graph, Building Real-Time UIs with Kafka and Vue.js
18 January 2020

Creating Aha Moments for Developers: The 5-Minute Interview with Jennifer Reif, Developer Relations Engineer at Neo4j
17 January 2020

Graphs to Fight Diabetes
15 January 2020

This Week in Neo4j – Analyzing .NET Dependencies, Coloring a Sudoku Graph, Christmas Messages Graph, Making Graph Algorithms ‘Clique’
11 January 2020

#GraphCast: How-To Video Series
10 January 2020

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for SQLite is a powerful and comprehensive SQLite GUI that provides a complete set of functions for database management and development.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Neo4jOmniSci infoFormerly named 'MapD', rebranded to 'OmniSci' in September 2018SQLiteVirtuoso
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Conferences and events

GraphConnect 2020
New York, USA, 20-22 April 2020

Recent citations in the news

Neo4j the graph database
14 January 2020, App Developer Magazine

Graph Database Market is Set to Show Magnificent Growth by Forecast 2024 with Focusing on Eminent Players- Amazon Web Services, Callidus Software, IBM Corp, Microsoft Corp, MarkLogic Corp, Neo4j, Oracle
22 January 2020, Dagoretti News

Non-Relational Databases Market Increasing Demand with Key Players – IBM, Sparsity Technologies, FileMaker, Neo4j, InterSystems, Oracle
23 January 2020, Dagoretti News

Neo4j introduces new cloud service to simplify building a graph database
6 November 2019, TechCrunch

Neo4j is the Graph Database of Choice for World's Top Financial Services Organizations
22 October 2019, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

GPU Database – Know Factors Driving the Market to Record Growth | Kinetica, Omnisci, Sqream
22 January 2020, The Market Journal

GPU Database Market: Latest Innovations, Drivers and Industry Key Events 2017 – 2026
22 January 2020, Melanian News

Inside OmniSci's Plans for Data Analytics Convergence
23 October 2019, Datanami

OmniSci 'Hitting Its Stride,' CEO Says
25 October 2019, Datanami

Review: OmniSci GPU database lifts huge data sets
1 April 2019, InfoWorld

provided by Google News

Google Chrome impacted by new Magellan 2.0 vulnerabilities
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New Magellan 2.0 SQLite Vulnerabilities Affect Many Programs
26 December 2019, BleepingComputer

Google Chrome Affected By Magellan 2.0 Flaws
27 December 2019, Threatpost

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3 January 2020, Database Journal

Google Chrome hit with fresh bugs, users report on losing secondary profiles
27 December 2019, Livemint

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