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DBMS > Neo4j vs. OmniSci vs. OrientDB vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

System Properties Comparison Neo4j vs. OmniSci vs. OrientDB vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOmniSci infoFormerly named 'MapD', rebranded to 'OmniSci' in September 2018  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsA high performance, in-memory, column-oriented RDBMS, designed to run on GPUsMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)RDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environments
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score57.87
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score1.23
Rank#157  Overall
#76  Relational DBMS
Score4.05
Rank#82  Overall
#13  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Score5.68
Rank#65  Overall
#35  Relational DBMS
Websiteneo4j.comwww.omnisci.comorientdb.orgwww.sap.com/­products/­sql-anywhere.html
Technical documentationneo4j.com/­docsdocs.omnisci.comwww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.htmlhelp.sap.com/­sql-anywhere
DeveloperNeo4j, Inc.MapD Technologies, Inc.OrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPSAP infoformerly Sybase
Initial release2007201620101992
Current release4.3.6, October 20215.6, April 20213.1.9, February 202117, July 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2; enterprise edition availableOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaC++ and CUDAJava
Server operating systemsLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
LinuxAll OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-free and schema-optionalyesschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucenenoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesSQL-like query language, no joinsyes
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/Thrift
Python
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsnoJava, Javascriptyes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perl
Triggersyes infovia event handlernoHooksyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes using Neo4j FabricSharding infoRound robinShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replicationMulti-source replicationSource-replica replication infoDatabase mirroring
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocould be achieved with distributed queriesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsnoyes inforelationship in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurablefine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Neo4jOmniSci infoFormerly named 'MapD', rebranded to 'OmniSci' in September 2018OrientDBSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

Simplify Your Visualization Workflow with Neo4j Bloom 1.9
25 October 2021

This Week in Neo4j – Speaking Cypher, Stocks, Graphalue, Discover Aura, Wikidata, Gephi
23 October 2021

#GraphCast: Thinking About Algorithmic Bias in AI?
22 October 2021

From Graph to Knowledge Graph: Data Trends and Challenges
21 October 2021

How PwC Germany Combats Money Laundering in Crypto Space with Neo4j
19 October 2021

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Neo4jOmniSci infoFormerly named 'MapD', rebranded to 'OmniSci' in September 2018OrientDBSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere
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22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

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Graph DBMS increased their popularity by 500% within the last 2 years
3 March 2015, Paul Andlinger

Graph DBMSs are gaining in popularity faster than any other database category
21 January 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

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Recent citations in the news

Graph Database Market SWOT Analysis by 2028: IBM, Microsoft, Oracle, AWS, Neo4j etc. – Puck77
24 October 2021, Puck77

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21 October 2021, Puck77

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Research Report Explores the Graph Database Market Size 2021 to 2028 | IBM, Microsoft, Oracle, AWS, Neo4j, OrientDB, TIBCO, Franz, OpenLink Software, MarkLogic, TigerGraph, DataStax – Puck77
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Global Valuation of Graph Database Market Size & Share Will Reach USD 4,500 Million By 2026: Facts & Factors
7 October 2021, Yahoo Finance

Graph Database Market Size By Top Key Vendors, Industry Growth and Application, Forecast 2021-2028 | IBM, Microsoft, Oracle, AWS, Neo4j, OrientDB, TIBCO, Franz, OpenLink Software, MarkLogic, TigerGraph – Puck77
21 October 2021, Puck77

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SAP SQL Anywhere
3 April 2018, TechTarget

Rimini Streets adds support for open source databases -
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15 October 2021, MarTech Series

SAP gives SQL Anywhere a new IoT injection
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