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DBMS > Neo4j vs. NuoDB vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Neo4j vs. NuoDB vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsNuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactionsWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score58.68
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score1.19
Rank#184  Overall
#87  Relational DBMS
Score622.72
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websiteneo4j.comnuodb.comwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationneo4j.com/­docsdoc.nuodb.comwww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperNeo4j, Inc.NuoDB, Inc.PostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release200720131989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release4.4.11, September 202214.5, August 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
  • ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL DBaaS hosting On-Premises and on clouds such as AWS, Azure, GCP and DigitalOcean with no vendor lock-in. Leverage any extension and get SSH access.
  • Aiven for PostgreSQL: Fully managed and hosted PostgreSQL® with 70+ extensions and orchestration tooling included.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaC++C
Server operating systemsLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-free and schema-optionalyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJava, SQLuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyes infovia event handleryesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes using Neo4j Fabricdata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/writtenpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyyes infoManaged transparently by NuoDBSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infotunable commit protocolACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoMVCCyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoTemporary tableno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Standard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative Usersfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Neo4jNuoDBPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

New Book: Full Stack GraphQL Applications (Download for Free!)
30 September 2022

NODES 2022 Speaker Highlights
29 September 2022

A Power User’s Experience on Using Graph Databases to Drive Better Decision Making
28 September 2022

This Week in Neo4j: Cypher Queries, IKEA Knowledge Graph, Linkedln Course, and More
26 September 2022

A Machine Learning Innovation in Predictive Analytics
23 September 2022

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Neo4jNuoDBPostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

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Meet some database management systems you are likely to hear more about in the future
4 August 2014, Paul Andlinger

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Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
3 January 2022, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Driving the Future of PostgreSQL Adoption
15 November 2021,  Umair Shahid, Percona (sponsor) 

The Inexorable Rise of PostgreSQL
24 September 2021,  Matt Yonkovit, Percona (sponsor) 

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Conferences and events

Neo4j Nodes 2022
Online Conference, 16-17 November 2022

Recent citations in the news

Leading Companies Leverage Graph-Powered Digital Twins to Manage Interconnected Complex Systems
21 September 2022, PR Newswire

How graph technology is making a dent in the database market
12 September 2022, ComputerWeekly.com

Graph Databases Software Market Growth Analysis by Top Key Players: Neo4j, ArangoDB, SAP, Twitter – The Colby Echo News
28 September 2022, The Colby Echo News

Alibaba Cloud pledges $1B to boost overseas alliance
22 September 2022, TechCrunch

Announcing Neo4j GraphSummit 2022
23 June 2022, PR Newswire

provided by Google News

Dassault Systèmes Announces the Acquisition of NuoDB, a Cloud-Native Distributed SQL Database Leader
25 November 2020, Business Wire

NuoDB set to improve distributed SQL performance
7 January 2020, TechTarget

NuoDB 4.0 improves cloud-native database capabilities
31 July 2019, TechTarget

Exploring the Architecture of the NuoDB Database, Part 1
12 July 2013, InfoQ.com

NuoDB Releases 4.1 Featuring Analytics & Performance Upgrades for The Banking Industry and Is Recognized as A Sample Vendor in Gartner's Hype Cycle for Data Management, 2020
10 August 2020, GlobeNewswire

provided by Google News

Quest Software Announces Public Beta for SharePlex for PostgreSQL
22 September 2022, Datanami

EnterpriseDB rides on PostgreSQL momentum in APAC
28 September 2022, ComputerWeekly.com

Installing PostgreSQL on macOS - MUO
17 September 2022, MakeUseOf

PostgreSQL vs. MySQL: Four Key Reasons to Choose the Former
22 September 2022, Solutions Review

Running PostgreSQL Inside Your Browser
8 September 2022, iProgrammer

provided by Google News

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