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DBMS > Neo4j vs. NuoDB vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison Neo4j vs. NuoDB vs. Oracle

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen source graph databaseNuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactionsWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score49.76
Rank#21  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score0.93
Rank#156  Overall
#77  Relational DBMS
Score1345.44
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websiteneo4j.comwww.nuodb.comwww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationneo4j.com/­docsdoc.nuodb.comdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperNeo4j, Inc.NuoDB, Inc.Oracle
Initial release200720131980
Current release4.0.4, May 202019c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercial infolimited edition freecommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaC++C and C++
Server operating systemsLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeschema-free and schema-optionalyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJava, SQLPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersyes infovia event handleryesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonedata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/writtenhorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyyes infoManaged transparently by NuoDBMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infotunable commit protocolACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoMVCCyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoTemporary tableyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Standard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative Usersfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Neo4jNuoDBOracle
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Horizontal scale-out, continuous availability, multi-tenant support, ANSI SQL compatible,...
» more
Oracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
NuoDB is a scale-out SQL RDBMS based on a Durable Distributed Caching (DDC) architecture....
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Operational / OLTP database workloads in data centers or public clouds
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Dassault Systemes, Santander, Temenos
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Fast growing commercial and enterprise customer base IDC Innovators: Dynamically...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
Subscription-based pricing with free community edition and commercial enterprise...
» more
Oracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more
News

Graphs in Automotive and Manufacturing: Unlock New Value from Your Data
27 May 2020

This Week in Neo4j – Neosemantics 4.0, REST to Graph, Neo4j OGM with Quarkus, Beat Saber Graph
23 May 2020

#GraphCast: Graphs4Good Knowledge Graph to Fight COVID-19
22 May 2020

Neo4j Online Developer Expo & Summit Is Back!
20 May 2020

Empower Data Projects with Apache Zeppelin & Neo4j
19 May 2020

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More resources
Neo4jNuoDBOracle
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Recent citations in the news

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27 May 2020, PRNewswire

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26 May 2020, Bloomberg Law

Whaddya mean, 'niche'?! Neo4j's chief scientist schools El Reg on graph databases
5 February 2020, The Register

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21 May 2020, Bandera County Courier

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28 April 2020, pymnts.com

NuoDB set to improve distributed SQL performance
7 January 2020, TechTarget

Cambridge database startup NuoDB lays off nearly one-third of its staff
10 April 2020, American Inno

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15 May 2020, InfotechLead.com

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