DBMS > NebulaGraph vs. TiDB
System Properties Comparison NebulaGraph vs. TiDB
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
|NebulaGraph Xexclude from comparison
|TiDB Xexclude from comparison
|A distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMS
|TiDB is an open source distributed SQL database that supports Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) workloads. It is MySQL compatible and features horizontal scalability, strong consistency, and high availability.
|Primary database model
|Secondary database models
|7.5.0, December 2023
|License Commercial or Open Source
|Open Source Apache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0
|Open Source Apache 2.0
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service
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|TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
|Server operating systems
|Strong typed schema
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.
|yes Nebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.
|SQL Support of SQL
|SQL-like query language
|APIs and other access methods
Cypher Query Language
GO Object Graph Mapper
Java Object Graph Mapper
NGBatis ORM framework for NebulaGraph and Spring-Boot
Proprietary native API
Python Object Graph Mapper
Query language nGQL
|Supported programming languages
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures
|user defined functions
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes
|horizontal partitioning (by key range)
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes
|Causal Clustering using Raft protocol
|Using Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods
|yes with TiSpark Connector
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system
|Foreign keys Referential integrity
|yes Relationships in graphs
|yes full support since version 6.6
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data
|Durability Support for making data persistent
|yes using RocksDB
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.
|User concepts Access control
|Role-based access control
|Fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
|More information provided by the system vendor
|NebulaGraph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
|TiDB is an advanced open-source, distributed SQL database for modern application...
|NebulaGraph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
|- HORIZONTAL SCALING : TiDB grants total transparency into your data workloads without...
|Typical application scenarios
|Social networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
|TiDB is ideal for transactional applications that require extreme scalability and...
|Companies from a variety of industries have implemented NebulaGraph Database in production,...
|Block, Pinterest, Catalyst, Bolt, Flipkart, Capcom, Shopee (E-commerce), JD Cloud...
|At our very early stage, NebulaGraph has already received over 9,800 stars and thousands...
|34K+ GitHub stars 5K+ members in TiDB Community Slack 1K+ community contributors...
|Licensing and pricing models
|NebulaGraph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license.
|TiDB Community : Free open source software (Apache 2.0) TiDB Self-Hosted : Enterprise...
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|Recent citations in the news
Vesoft (NebulaGraph) Recognized in the Gartner® Market Guide for Graph Database Management Systems
Beginner’s Guide to NebulaGraph Database | by Ng Wai Foong
NebulaGraph reaps from China’s growing appetite for graph databases
Open Source NebulaGraph Database Raises Tens of Millions of Dollars in Series A Funding
NebulaGraph Completes Series A to Scale Its Distributed Graph Database
provided by Google News
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