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DBMS > Nebula Graph vs. SQL.JS vs. SQLite vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Nebula Graph vs. SQL.JS vs. SQLite vs. Stardog

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparisonSQL.JS  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSPort of SQLite to JavaScriptWidely used embeddable, in-process RDBMSEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualization
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.10
Rank#169  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
Score1.09
Rank#170  Overall
#81  Relational DBMS
Score134.73
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Score1.88
Rank#128  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Websitegithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
sql.js.orgwww.sqlite.orgwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationdocs.nebula-graph.iosql.js.org/­documentation/­index.htmlwww.sqlite.org/­docs.htmldocs.stardog.com
DeveloperVesoft Inc.Alon Zakai infoenhancements implemented by othersDwayne Richard HippStardog-Union
Initial release2019201220002010
Current release3.38.4  (4 May 2022), May 20227.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0Open SourceOpen Source infoPublic Domaincommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++JavaScriptCJava
Server operating systemsLinuxserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)server-lessLinux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeStrong typed schemayesyes infodynamic column typesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.yes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.yesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supportedyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supportedYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Server
APIs and other access methodsBrowser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
JavaScript APIADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesC++
Go
Java
Python
JavaScriptActionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonouser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersnoyesyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocolnonenoneMulti-source replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyesyesyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infovia file-system locksyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infousing RocksDBno infoexcept by serializing a db to a fileyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlRole-based access controlnonoAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Nebula GraphSQL.JSSQLiteStardog
Specific characteristicsNebula Graph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesNebula Graph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosSocial networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Supply chain optimization Operational Risk Digital...
» more
Key customersCurrently we have some top internet companies in China implementing Nebula Graph...
» more
Bosch, NASA, Boehringer Ingelheim, Morgan Stanley, Schneider Electric, FINRA and...
» more
Market metricsAt our very early stage, Nebula Graph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsNebula Graph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more
You can start for free! A fully-featured license is available for those testing Stardog:...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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3rd partiesNavicat for SQLite is a powerful and comprehensive SQLite GUI that provides a complete set of functions for database management and development.
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More resources
Nebula GraphSQL.JSSQLiteStardog
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