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DBMS > Nebula Graph vs. PostgreSQL vs. Stardog vs. TinkerGraph

System Properties Comparison Nebula Graph vs. PostgreSQL vs. Stardog vs. TinkerGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparisonTinkerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualizationA lightweight, in-memory graph engine that serves as a reference implementation of the TinkerPop3 API
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Graph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.23
Rank#259  Overall
#21  Graph DBMS
Score514.80
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score1.07
Rank#143  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Score0.18
Rank#268  Overall
#23  Graph DBMS
Websitegithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
www.postgresql.orgwww.stardog.comtinkerpop.apache.org/­docs/­current/­reference/­#tinkergraph-gremlin
Technical documentationdocs.nebula-graph.iowww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manualswww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperVesoft Inc.PostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerStardog-Union
Initial release20191989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL20102009
Current release12.3, May 20207.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0Open Source infoBSDcommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/studentsOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++CJavaJava
Server operating systemsLinuxFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeStrong typed schemayesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no infoImport/export of XML data possibleno
Secondary indexesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.yesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatialno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyes infostandard with numerous extensionsYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Serverno
APIs and other access methodsBrowser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesC++
Go
Java
Python
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Groovy
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.user defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Javano
Triggersyesyes infovia event handlersno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocolMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMaster-master replication in HA-Clusternone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Clusternone
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyesyes inforelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesno
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infousing RocksDByesyesoptional
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlRole-based access controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesno
More information provided by the system vendor
Nebula GraphPostgreSQLStardogTinkerGraph
Specific characteristicsNebula Graph is a truly distributed, linear scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesNebula Graph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosSocial networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersCurrently we have some top internet companies in China implementing Nebula Graph...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsAt our very early stage, Nebula Graph has already received over a thousand stars...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsNebula Graph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
News

Packaging with CPack in Nebula Graph
19 May 2020

Automate Workflows with Github Action in Nebula Graph
7 May 2020

D3-Force Directed Graph Layout Optimization in Nebula Graph Studio
29 April 2020

Integrating Codecov Test Coverage With Nebula Graph
21 April 2020

How Nebula Graph Uses Jepsen to Detect Data Consistency Issues in Raft Implementation
14 April 2020

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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