DBMS > MySQL vs. openGauss vs. YugabyteDB
System Properties Comparison MySQL vs. openGauss vs. YugabyteDB
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||MySQL Xexclude from comparison||openGauss Xexclude from comparison||YugabyteDB Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Widely used open source RDBMS||An enterprise-class RDBMS compatible with high-performance, high-availability and high-performance originally developed by Huawei||High-performance distributed SQL database for global, internet-scale applications. Wire and feature compatible with PostgreSQL.|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS Key/Value like access via memcached API||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
Wide column store
|Developer||Oracle since 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun||Huawei and openGauss community||Yugabyte Inc.|
|Current release||8.0.32, January 2023||3.0, March 2022||2.17, December 2022|
|License Commercial or Open Source||Open Source GPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available||Open Source||Open Source Apache 2.0|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
|ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting On-Premises and on a wide variety of cloud providers. Easily deploy, monitor, provision, and scale your deployments in the cloud.||YugabyteDB Managed is the fully managed database-as-a-service offering of YugabyteDB. Get started quickly, and effortlessly ensure continuous availability and limitless scale of your cloud native applications.|
|Implementation language||C and C++||C, C++, Java||C and C++|
|Server operating systems||FreeBSD|
|Data scheme||yes||yes||depending on used data model|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||yes||no||no|
|SQL Support of SQL||yes with proprietary extensions||ANSI SQL 2011||yes, PostgreSQL compatible|
|APIs and other access methods||ADO.NET|
Proprietary native API
YCQL, an SQL-based flexible-schema API with its roots in Cassandra Query Language
YSQL - a fully relational SQL API that is wire compatible with the SQL language in PostgreSQL
|Supported programming languages||Ada|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||yes proprietary syntax||yes||yes sql, plpgsql, C|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||horizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric||horizontal partitioning (by range, list and hash)||Hash and Range Sharding, row-level geo-partitioning|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||Multi-source replication|
|Source-replica replication||Based on Raft distributed consensus protocol, minimum 3 replicas for continuous availability|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||no||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency||Strong consistency on writes and tunable consistency on reads|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes not for MyISAM storage engine||yes||yes|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID not for MyISAM storage engine||ACID||Distributed ACID with Serializable & Snapshot Isolation. Inspired by Google Spanner architecture.|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes table locks or row locks depending on storage engine||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes based on RocksDB|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||yes||no||no|
|User concepts Access control||Users with fine-grained authorization concept no user groups or roles||Access rights for users, groups and roles according to SQL-standard||yes|
|More information provided by the system vendor|
|Specific characteristics||YugabyteDB is an open source distributed SQL database for cloud native transactional...|
|Competitive advantages||PostgreSQL compatible: Get instantly productive with a PostgreSQL compatible RDBMS....|
|Typical application scenarios||Systems of record and engagement for cloud native applications that require resilience,...|
|Market metrics||2 Million+ lifetime clusters deployed, 6.5K+ GitHub stars, 7K YugabyteDB Community...|
|Licensing and pricing models||Apache 2.0 license for the database|
We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
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|3rd parties||CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.|
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