DBMS > MySQL vs. Trafodion vs. Trino
System Properties Comparison MySQL vs. Trafodion vs. Trino
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||MySQL Xexclude from comparison||Trafodion Xexclude from comparison||Trino Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Widely used open source RDBMS||Transactional SQL-on-Hadoop DBMS||Fast distributed SQL query engine for big data analytics. Forked from Presto and originally named PrestoSQL|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS Key/Value like access via memcached API||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
Time Series DBMS
Wide column store
|Social network pages|
|Developer||Oracle since 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun||Apache Software Foundation, originally developed by HP||Trino Software Foundation|
|Initial release||1995||2014||2012 2020 rebranded from PrestoSQL|
|Current release||8.0.32, January 2023||2.3.0, February 2019|
|License Commercial or Open Source||Open Source GPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available||Open Source Apache 2.0||Open Source Apache Version 2.0|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|Starburst Galaxy offers a feature-rich user interface to connect all your data sources, manage your Trino clusters, and query your data.|
|Implementation language||C and C++||C++, Java||Java|
|Server operating systems||FreeBSD|
macOS for devlopment
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||yes||no||no|
|Secondary indexes||yes||yes||depending on connected data-source|
|SQL Support of SQL||yes with proprietary extensions||yes||yes|
|APIs and other access methods||ADO.NET|
Proprietary native API
RESTful HTTP API
|Supported programming languages||Ada|
|All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.Net||Go|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||yes proprietary syntax||Java Stored Procedures||yes, depending on connected data-source|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||horizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric||Sharding||depending on connected data-source|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||Multi-source replication|
|yes, via HBase||depending on connected data-source|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||yes via user defined functions and HBase||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency||depending on connected data-source|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes not for MyISAM storage engine||yes||no|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID not for MyISAM storage engine||ACID||depending on connected data-source|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes table locks or row locks depending on storage engine||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||depending on connected data-source|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||yes||no|
|User concepts Access control||Users with fine-grained authorization concept no user groups or roles||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||SQL standard access control|
|More information provided by the system vendor|
|Specific characteristics||Trino is the fastest open source, massively parallel processing SQL query engine...|
|Competitive advantages||High performance analtyics and data processing of very large data sets Powerful ANSI...|
|Typical application scenarios||Performant analytics query engine for data warehouses, data lakes, and data lakehouses...|
|Key customers||Trino is widely adopted across the globe as freely-available open source software....|
|Market metrics||28250+ commits in GitHub 5750+ stargazers in GitHub 6950+ pull requests merged in...|
|Licensing and pricing models||Trino is an open source project and usage is therefore free. Commercial offerings...|
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We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
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|3rd parties||SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.|
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