DBMS > MySQL vs. openGauss vs. TiDB
System Properties Comparison MySQL vs. openGauss vs. TiDB
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||MySQL Xexclude from comparison||openGauss Xexclude from comparison||TiDB Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Widely used open source RDBMS||An enterprise-class RDBMS compatible with high-performance, high-availability and high-performance originally developed by Huawei||TiDB is an open source distributed SQL database that supports Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) workloads. It is MySQL compatible and features horizontal scalability, strong consistency, and high availability.|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS Key/Value like access via memcached API||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
|Developer||Oracle since 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun||Huawei and openGauss community||PingCAP, Inc.|
|Current release||8.1.0, July 2023||3.0, March 2022||7.3.0, August 2023|
|License Commercial or Open Source||Open Source GPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available||Open Source||Open Source Apache 2.0|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.|
|Implementation language||C and C++||C, C++, Java||Go, Rust|
|Server operating systems||FreeBSD|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||yes||no||no|
|SQL Support of SQL||yes with proprietary extensions||ANSI SQL 2011||yes|
|APIs and other access methods||ADO.NET|
Proprietary native API
|Supported programming languages||Ada|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||yes proprietary syntax||yes||no|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||horizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric||horizontal partitioning (by range, list and hash)||horizontal partitioning (by key range)|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||Multi-source replication|
|Source-replica replication||Using Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||no||yes with TiSpark Connector|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes not for MyISAM storage engine||yes||yes full support since version 6.6|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID not for MyISAM storage engine||ACID||ACID|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes table locks or row locks depending on storage engine||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||yes||no||no|
|User concepts Access control||Users with fine-grained authorization concept no user groups or roles||Access rights for users, groups and roles according to SQL-standard||Fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard|
|More information provided by the system vendor|
|Specific characteristics||TiDB is an advanced open-source, distributed SQL database for modern application...|
|Competitive advantages||- HORIZONTAL SCALING : TiDB grants total transparency into your data workloads without...|
|Typical application scenarios||TiDB is ideal for transactional applications that require extreme scalability and...|
|Key customers||Block, Pinterest, Catalyst, Bolt, Capcom, Shopee (E-commerce), JD Cloud & AI (Cloud...|
|Market metrics||34K+ GitHub stars 5K+ members in TiDB Community Slack 1K+ community contributors...|
|Licensing and pricing models||TiDB Community : Free open source software (Apache 2.0) TiDB Self-Hosted : Enterprise...|
We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
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|DB-Engines blog posts|
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