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DBMS > MySQL vs. TiDB vs. TimescaleDB

System Properties Comparison MySQL vs. TiDB vs. TimescaleDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used open source RDBMSTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.A time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document storeRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1206.04
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score3.20
Rank#97  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Score4.38
Rank#81  Overall
#5  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.mysql.compingcap.comwww.timescale.com
Technical documentationdev.mysql.com/­docdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stabledocs.timescale.com
DeveloperOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunPingCAP, Inc.Timescale
Initial release199520162017
Current release8.0.27, October 20215.0.1, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageC and C++Go, RustC
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
LinuxLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnumerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsyesyes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntax
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoproprietary syntaxnouser defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shell
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabrichorizontal partitioning (by key range)yes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Using Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.Source-replica replication with hot standby and reads on replicas info
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infowith TiSpark Connectorno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno infocurrently only supported in syntaxyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
MySQLTiDBTimescaleDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
News

Believe in the Multiplicative Power of Openness
30 November 2021

How to Connect TiDB Cloud to Metabase
24 November 2021

KubeCon 2021 Q&A: PingCAP Recaps the Event and Explores Its HTAP Database
16 November 2021

How to Troubleshoot RocksDB Write Stalls in TiKV
12 November 2021

PingCAP Introduces Its New Developer Tier to Boost Application Innovation with TiDB Cloud
9 November 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
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