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DBMS > MySQL vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison MySQL vs. TiDB

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Our visitors often compare MySQL and TiDB with Cassandra, PostgreSQL and MongoDB.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used open source RDBMSTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1229.52
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score1.67
Rank#120  Overall
#63  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.mysql.compingcap.com
Technical documentationdev.mysql.com/­docpingcap.com/­docs
DeveloperOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release19952016
Current release8.0.16, April 20192.1.8, April 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • Google Cloud SQL: A fully-managed database service for the Google Cloud Platform
Implementation languageC and C++Go, Rust
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsProprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoproprietary syntaxno
Triggersyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabrichorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Using Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
MySQLTiDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open source distributed scalable hybrid transactional and analytical processing...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersBank of Beijing (Banking) Mobike (Ridesharing) Toutiao (Media) Ele.me (Catering)...
» more
Market metricsInfoWorld’s 2018 Best of Open Source Software Award winners 15000+ stars on GitHub...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
News

Why Benchmarking Distributed Databases Is So Hard
8 July 2019

The KOST Stack: An Open-Source Cloud-Native Hybrid Database Stack
4 July 2019

TiDB 3.0 Reaches GA, Delivers Stability at Scale and Performance Boost
1 July 2019

Distributed Systems Training in Go and Rust
20 June 2019

Best Practices for Developing Applications with TiDB
19 June 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesScaleGrid: Fully managed MySQL-as-a-Service.
» more

SQLPro for MySQL: A simple but powerful MySQL database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
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Azure Database for MySQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community MySQL database as a service
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Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
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Dremio is like magic for MySQL accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
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General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
MySQLTiDB
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11 September 2018, TechCrunch

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17 October 2018, InfoWorld

Hong Kong shares rise for a fifth straight week
5 July 2019, South China Morning Post

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