DBMS > MySQL vs. Tarantool vs. TiDB
System Properties Comparison MySQL vs. Tarantool vs. TiDB
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||MySQL Xexclude from comparison||Tarantool Xexclude from comparison||TiDB Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Widely used open source RDBMS||In-memory computing platform with a flexible data schema for efficiently building high-performance applications||TiDB is an open source distributed SQL database that supports Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) workloads. It is MySQL compatible and features horizontal scalability, strong consistency, and high availability.|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS Key/Value like access via memcached API||Document store|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
|Spatial DBMS with Tarantool/GIS extension||Document store|
|Developer||Oracle since 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun||VK||PingCAP, Inc.|
|Current release||8.1.0, July 2023||2.10.0, May 2022||7.3.0, August 2023|
|License Commercial or Open Source||Open Source GPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available||Open Source BSD-2, source-available extensions (modules), commercial licenses for Tarantool Enterprise||Open Source Apache 2.0|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
|PlanetScale: Deploy a fully managed database with the reliability of MySQL and the scale of open source Vitess with PlanetScale today. Predictably scale, increase workflow velocity, and deploy features with zero downtime.||TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.|
|Implementation language||C and C++||C and C++||Go, Rust|
|Server operating systems||FreeBSD|
|Data scheme||yes||Flexible data schema: relational definition for tables with ability to store json-like documents in columns||yes|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||string, double, decimal, uuid, integer, blob, boolean, datetime||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||yes||no||no|
|SQL Support of SQL||yes with proprietary extensions||Full-featured ANSI SQL support||yes|
|APIs and other access methods||ADO.NET|
Proprietary native API
|Open binary protocol||GORM|
|Supported programming languages||Ada|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||yes proprietary syntax||Lua, C and SQL stored procedures||no|
|Triggers||yes||yes, before/after data modification events, on replication events, client session events||no|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||horizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric||Sharding, partitioned with virtual buckets by user defined affinity key. Live resharding for scale up and scale down without maintenance downtime.||horizontal partitioning (by key range)|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||Multi-source replication|
|Asynchronous replication with multi-master option|
Configurable replication topology (full-mesh, chain, star)
Synchronous quorum replication (with Raft)
|Using Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||yes with TiSpark Connector|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Casual consistency across sharding partitions|
Eventual consistency within replicaset partition when using asyncronous replication
Immediate Consistency within single instance
Sequential consistency including linearizable read within replicaset partition when using Raft
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes not for MyISAM storage engine||yes||yes full support since version 6.6|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID not for MyISAM storage engine||ACID, with serializable isolation and linearizable read (within partition); Configurable MVCC (within partition); No cross-shard distributed transactions||ACID|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes table locks or row locks depending on storage engine||yes, cooperative multitasking||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes, write ahead logging||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||yes||yes, full featured in-memory storage engine with persistence||no|
|User concepts Access control||Users with fine-grained authorization concept no user groups or roles||Access Control Lists|
Mutual TLS authentication for Tarantol Enterprise
Password based authentication
Role-based access control (RBAC) and LDAP for Tarantol Enterprise
Users and Roles
|Fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard|
|More information provided by the system vendor|
|Specific characteristics||TiDB is an advanced open-source, distributed SQL database for modern application...|
|Competitive advantages||- HORIZONTAL SCALING : TiDB grants total transparency into your data workloads without...|
|Typical application scenarios||TiDB is ideal for transactional applications that require extreme scalability and...|
|Key customers||Block, Pinterest, Catalyst, Bolt, Capcom, Shopee (E-commerce), JD Cloud & AI (Cloud...|
|Market metrics||34K+ GitHub stars 5K+ members in TiDB Community Slack 1K+ community contributors...|
|Licensing and pricing models||TiDB Community : Free open source software (Apache 2.0) TiDB Self-Hosted : Enterprise...|
We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
|Related products and services|
|3rd parties||PlanetScale: Deploy a fully managed serverless database with the reliability of MySQL and the tested scalability of Vitess. Predictably scale, increase workflow velocity, and deploy features with zero downtime. |
Get started with a PlanetScale database today for free.
CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for MySQL and many other database management systems.
We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.
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