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DBMS > MySQL vs. Solr vs. Sphinx

System Properties Comparison MySQL vs. Solr vs. Sphinx

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonSolr  Xexclude from comparisonSphinx  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used open source RDBMSA widely used distributed, scalable search engine based on Apache LuceneOpen source search engine for searching in data from different sources, e.g. relational databases
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APISearch engineSearch engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1236.38
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score51.19
Rank#20  Overall
#3  Search engines
Score7.58
Rank#53  Overall
#6  Search engines
Websitewww.mysql.comlucene.apache.org/­solrsphinxsearch.com
Technical documentationdev.mysql.com/­doclucene.apache.org/­solr/­resources.htmlsphinxsearch.com/­docs
DeveloperOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunApache Software FoundationSphinx Technologies Inc.
Initial release199520062001
Current release8.0.24, April 20218.8.2, April 20213.3.1 , July 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoGPL version 2, commercial licence available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC and C++JavaC++
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java VM inforuns as a servlet in servlet container (e.g. Tomcat, Jetty is included)FreeBSD
Linux
NetBSD
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyes infoDynamic Fields enables on-the-fly addition of new fieldsyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infosupports customizable data types and automatic typingno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes infofull-text index on all search fields
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsSolr Parallel SQL InterfaceSQL-like query language (SphinxQL)
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
Erlang
Java
JavaScript
any language that supports sockets and either XML or JSON
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++ infounofficial client library
Java
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby infounofficial client library
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoproprietary syntaxJava pluginsno
Triggersyesyes infoUser configurable commands triggered on index changesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricShardingSharding infoPartitioning is done manually, search queries against distributed index is supported
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnospark-solr: github.com/­lucidworks/­spark-solr and streaming expressions to reduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage enginenono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineoptimistic lockingno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoThe original contents of fields are not stored in the Sphinx index.
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesyesno

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