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DBMS > MySQL vs. SingleStore vs. TimescaleDB

System Properties Comparison MySQL vs. SingleStore vs. TimescaleDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQL  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used open source RDBMSMySQL wire-compliant distributed RDBMS that combines an in-memory row-oriented and a disc-based column-oriented storage with patented universal storage to handle transactional and analytical workloads in one single table typeA time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Vector DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1061.34
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score5.38
Rank#62  Overall
#35  Relational DBMS
Score4.46
Rank#71  Overall
#5  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.mysql.comwww.singlestore.comwww.timescale.com
Technical documentationdev.mysql.com/­docdocs.singlestore.comdocs.timescale.com
DeveloperOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunSingleStore Inc.Timescale
Initial release199520132017
Current release8.4.0, April 20248.5, January 20242.15.0, May 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercial infofree developer edition availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Aiven for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL, deployable in the cloud of your choice, with seamless integrations and lightning-fast setup.SingleStoreDB Cloud: The world's fastest, modern cloud database for both operational (OLTP) and analytical (OLAP) workloads. Available instantly with multi-cloud and hybrid-cloud capabilities
Implementation languageC and C++C++, GoC
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux info64 bit version requiredLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnumerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infobut no triggers and foreign keysyes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntax
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Cluster Management API infoas HTTP Rest and CLI
HTTP API
JDBC
MongoDB API
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Bash
C
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoproprietary syntaxyesuser defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shell
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricSharding infohash partitioningyes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication infostores two copies of each physical data partition on two separate nodesSource-replica replication with hot standby and reads on replicas info
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan define user-defined aggregate functions for map-reduce-style calculationsno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage enginenoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoAll updates are persistent, including those to disk-based columnstores and memory-based row stores. Transaction commits are supported via write-ahead log.yes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesFine grained access control via users, groups and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
MySQLSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQLTimescaleDB
Specific characteristicsSingleStore offers a fully-managed , distributed, highly-scalable SQL database designed...
» more
Competitive advantagesSingleStore’s competitive advantages include: Easy and Simplified Architecture with...
» more
Typical application scenariosDriving Fast Analytics: SingleStore delivers the fastest and most scalable reporting...
» more
Key customersIEX Cloud : Improves Financial Data Distribution Speed 15x with Singlestore DB Comcast,...
» more
Market metricsCustomers in various industries worldwide including US and International Industry...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsF ree Tier and Enterprise Edition
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for MySQL and many other database management systems.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Aiven for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL, deployable in the cloud of your choice, with seamless integrations and lightning-fast setup.
» more

Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
MySQLSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQLTimescaleDB
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

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Turbocharge Your Application Development Using WebAssembly With SingleStoreDB
17 October 2022,  Akmal Chaudhri, SingleStore (sponsor) 

Cloud-Based Analytics With SingleStoreDB
9 June 2022,  Akmal Chaudhri, SingleStore (sponsor) 

SingleStore: The Increasing Momentum of Multi-Model Database Systems
14 February 2022,  Akmal Chaudhri, SingleStore (sponsor) 

show all

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