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DBMS > MySQL vs. Realm vs. ToroDB vs. TypeDB vs. UniData,UniVerse

System Properties Comparison MySQL vs. Realm vs. ToroDB vs. TypeDB vs. UniData,UniVerse

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparisonToroDB  Xexclude from comparisonTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn  Xexclude from comparisonUniData,UniVerse  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used open source RDBMSA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core DataA MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQLTypeDB is a strongly-typed database with a rich and logical type system and TypeQL as its query languageMultiValue database and application server with SQL mapping layer and meta database capabilities
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIDocument storeDocument storeGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Multivalue DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1206.05
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score9.59
Rank#49  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score0.02
Rank#339  Overall
#44  Document stores
Score0.76
Rank#198  Overall
#18  Graph DBMS
#95  Relational DBMS
Score3.62
Rank#90  Overall
#2  Multivalue DBMS
Websitewww.mysql.comrealm.iowww.torodb.comvaticle.comwww.rocketsoftware.com/­products/­rocket-u2
Technical documentationdev.mysql.com/­docrealm.io/­docswww.torodb.com/­stampede/­docsdocs.vaticle.comwww.rocketsoftware.com/­products/­rocket-u2/­documentation
DeveloperOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 20198KdataVaticle (formerly Grakn Labs)Rocket Software
Initial release19952014201620161985
Current release8.0.27, October 20212.5, October 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen SourceOpen Source infoAGPL-V3Open Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC and C++JavaJavaC
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Android
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
All OS with a Java 7 VMLinux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_idyesoptional
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsnonoyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
gRPC protocol
TypeDB Console (shell)
TypeDB Studio (Visualisation software- previously TypeDB Workbase)
Java API infoJPA
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
SOAP-based API
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
.Net
Basic infoU2 Basic
C
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoproprietary syntaxno inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessarynoyes
Triggersyesyes infoChange Listenersnonoyes infoU2 Basic
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricnoneShardingSharding infoby using Cassandranone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
noneSource-replica replicationMulti-source replication infoby using CassandraSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeperno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage enginenonono infosubstituted by the relationship featureno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACIDnoACIDACID infoconfigurable
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoIn-Memory realmno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesyesAccess rights for users and rolesyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressAccess rights according to SQL-standard and operating system based
More information provided by the system vendor
MySQLRealmToroDBTypeDB infoformerly named GraknUniData,UniVerse
Specific characteristicsNow a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
Meet TypeDB (and TypeQL ) TypeDB is a strongly-typed database with a rich and logical...
» more
Competitive advantagesRealm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
Entity-Relationship Model TypeDB allows you to model your domain using the well-known...
» more
Typical application scenariosMobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
Life sciences : TypeDB makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Key customersCathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Market metricsUsed by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsRealm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more
AGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more

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More resources
MySQLRealmToroDBTypeDB infoformerly named GraknUniData,UniVerse
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