DB-EnginesExtremeDB: database for embedded systemsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > MySQL vs. PostgreSQL vs. Trafodion

System Properties Comparison MySQL vs. PostgreSQL vs. Trafodion

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonTrafodion  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used open source RDBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLTransactional SQL-on-Hadoop DBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1228.38
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score577.15
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score0.56
Rank#233  Overall
#112  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.mysql.comwww.postgresql.orgtrafodion.apache.org
Technical documentationdev.mysql.com/­docwww.postgresql.org/­docstrafodion.apache.org
DeveloperOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerApache Software Foundation, originally developed by HP
Initial release19951989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2014
Current release8.0.26, July 202113.3, May 20212.3.0, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC and C++CC++, Java
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoproprietary syntaxuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.Java Stored Procedures
Triggersyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsyes, via HBase
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infovia user defined functions and HBase
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
» more

ClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
» more
CYBERTEC is your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia, Poland, South Africa and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide and is here for you 24/7!
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

EDB: Helping organizations get the most from PostgreSQL, Oracle Migration, High Availability, Security
» more

ClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
» more

Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
MySQLPostgreSQLTrafodion
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

A deeper dive into Facebook's MySQL 8.0 migration
23 July 2021, ZDNet

Facebook outlines lessons learned from MySQL 8.0 migration
22 July 2021, ZDNet

Rockset adds MySQL connector to real-time indexing database
9 July 2021, TechTarget

Everything You Need to Know About Listing MySQL Databases
10 July 2021, MakeUseOf

Just $20 to learn how MySQL, API’s, and forms fit into modern web development
9 July 2021, Computerworld

provided by Google News

"PostgreSQL has reached every part of industry and every part of government"
5 July 2021, JAXenter

dbExpress Drivers with Support for Oracle 21c, PostgreSQL 13, and Interbase OTW Encryption
24 July 2021, IT News Online

Next Generation Crunchy Postgres for Kubernetes Released
7 July 2021, Johnson City Press (subscription)

PostgreSQL public cloud adoption currently fueled by smaller firms, says IDC analyst
25 June 2021, SiliconANGLE News

Steps for Installing Postgresql in Ubuntu 20.04 LTS - Linux Shout
16 July 2021, H2S Media

provided by Google News

The Apache® Software Foundation Announces Annual Report for
29 July 2020, GlobeNewswire

How Facebook Accelerates SQL at Extreme Scale
31 August 2020, Datanami

ASF's 2018 annual report shows the Apache ecosystem is growing
20 July 2018, JAXenter

What's the Difference Between SQL, NoSQL, and NewSQL?
28 July 2016, Electronic Design

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

PHP & MySQL & HTML/CSS & JS Developers
Retail Ecommerce Ventures, Remote

PHP/MySQL Developers
Webmasters.com, Tampa, FL

Loss Prevention Specialist
Amazon.com Services LLC, Canton, MS

PHP/MySQL Developer
Third Rock, Round Rock, TX

PHP and MySQL Web Programmer
Peer Solutions Group, Dover, DE

PostgreSQL DBA
Dynamic Placement Services, LLC, Remote

PostgreSQL DBA
VERITIS GROUP INC, Bethesda, MD

Technical Support Representative I
Dr Dispatch / Holland Transportation, Remote

Database Administrator - PostgreSQL
ZenQMS, Ardmore, PA

React Developer
Involgix, Remote

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Present your product here