DB-EngineseXtremeDB: 5 9's high availability databaseEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > MySQL vs. PostgreSQL vs. Spark SQL

System Properties Comparison MySQL vs. PostgreSQL vs. Spark SQL

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used open source RDBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processing
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1261.57
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score536.77
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score18.62
Rank#34  Overall
#21  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.mysql.comwww.postgresql.orgspark.apache.org/­sql
Technical documentationdev.mysql.com/­docwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manualsspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.html
DeveloperOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerApache Software Foundation
Initial release19951989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2014
Current release8.0.21, 202012.3, May 20203.0.0, June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
  • ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageC and C++CScala
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no
Secondary indexesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infostandard with numerous extensionsSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Java
Python
R
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoproprietary syntaxuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.no
Triggersyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashyes, utilizing Spark Core
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesAzure Database for MySQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community MySQL database as a service
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Datadog: Improve MySQL performance by visualizing and identifying errors fast using granular, out-of-the-box dashboards.
» more

Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
» more
2ndQuadrant: Mission Critical Databases.
» more

Azure Database for PostgreSQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community PostgreSQL database as a service
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

CYBERTEC: your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science based on PostgreSQL since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide!
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
MySQLPostgreSQLSpark SQL
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Conferences and events

PostgreSQL Online Trainings
Online Training Courses, 4 May 2020 - 11 December 2020

Recent citations in the news

Best data management course deal: 95% off MySQL bootcamp (UK deal)
2 August 2020, Mashable

MySQL drops master-slave and blacklist-whitelist terminology
6 July 2020, ZDNet

Sequel Ace MySQL Client for MacOS
8 July 2020, Laravel News

How Minted scaled their online marketplace on Cyber Monday 2019 by migrating to AWS cloud and Amazon Aurora
3 August 2020, idk.dev

How to install the Seafile cloud storage solution on Ubuntu Server 20.04
30 July 2020, TechRepublic

provided by Google News

maintain a postgresql database using osm2pgsql - Linux & Unix
3 August 2020, BleepingComputer

Crunchy Certified PostgreSQL 12 Achieves In Evaluation Status for Common Criteria Certification
21 July 2020, PRNewswire

Using logical replication to replicate managed Amazon RDS for PostgreSQL and Amazon Aurora to self-managed PostgreSQL
29 July 2020, idk.dev

EDB Growth Accelerates With 65 Percent Increase in Subscription Revenue; 4300 Registrations for Postgres Vision
31 July 2020, Business Wire

PostgreSQL Multi-Model Graph Extension Announced
13 July 2020, iProgrammer

provided by Google News

Enable fine-grained data access in Zeppelin Notebook with AWS Lake Formation
21 July 2020, idk.dev

Spark 3.0 Brings Big SQL Speed-Up, Better Python Hooks
25 June 2020, Datanami

GridGain’s Strong Market Momentum Continues in 2020
23 July 2020, Yahoo Finance

Spark 3.0 changes gears with adaptive query execution and GPU help
23 June 2020, DevClass

Spark AI Summit 2020 Highlights: Innovations to Improve Spark 3.0 Performance
3 July 2020, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Data Analytics Intern
The Bronx Defenders, Bronx, NY

Loss Prevention Specialist
Amazon.com Services LLC, Oak Creek, WI

Entry Level Data Analyst
Hopjump, Boston, MA

Entry Level Data Analyst Position
jerneltechcorp, New York, NY

Loss Prevention Specialist
Amazon.com Services LLC, San Bernardino, CA

Database Developer w/strong Postgres Skills-3
Nelson Interactive, California

Dynamic Recitation Developer
Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ

SQL DBA
Cognizant Technology Solutions, Windsor, CT

GIS Analyst
Denver Regional Council of Governments, Denver, CO

Data Technician (Full- or Part-Time)
Thasos Group, New York, NY

Data Integration Engineer
Syndigo, LLC, Waukesha, WI

Data Scientist
Root Insurance Company, Columbus, OH

Analytics Report Author and Analyst
Syndigo, LLC, Chicago, IL

Senior Analytics Report Author and Analyst
Syndigo, Chicago, IL

Senior Data Integration Engineer
Syndigo, Waukesha, WI

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Datastax Astra logo

Cassandra made easy in the cloud. Build cloud-native applications faster with CQL, REST and GraphQL APIs.
Try for Free.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Vertica logo

The fastest unified analytical warehouse at extreme scale with in-database Machine Learning. Try Vertica for free with no time limit.

Present your product here