DB-EnginesCrateDB bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > MySQL vs. PostgreSQL vs. RethinkDB

System Properties Comparison MySQL vs. PostgreSQL vs. RethinkDB

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonRethinkDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used open source RDBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLDBMS for the Web with a mechanism to push updated query results to applications in realtime.
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Document store
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1215.14
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score478.72
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score4.17
Rank#68  Overall
#13  Document stores
Websitewww.mysql.comwww.postgresql.orgrethinkdb.com
Technical documentationdev.mysql.com/­docwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manualsrethinkdb.com/­docs
DeveloperOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerThe Linux Foundation infosince July 2017
Initial release19951989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2009
Current release8.0.15, February 201911.2, February 20192.3.6, July 2017
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • Google Cloud SQL: A fully-managed database service for the Google Cloud Platform
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • Google Cloud SQL: A fully-managed database service for the Google Cloud Platform
Implementation languageC and C++CC++
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infostring, binary, float, bool, date, geometry
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infostandard with numerous extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsProprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
native C library
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C infocommunity-supported driver
C# infocommunity-supported driver
C++ infocommunity-supported driver
Clojure infocommunity-supported driver
Dart infocommunity-supported driver
Erlang infocommunity-supported driver
Go infocommunity-supported driver
Haskell infocommunity-supported driver
Java infoofficial driver
JavaScript (Node.js) infoofficial driver
Lisp infocommunity-supported driver
Lua infocommunity-supported driver
Objective-C infocommunity-supported driver
Perl infocommunity-supported driver
PHP infocommunity-supported driver
Python infoofficial driver
Ruby infoofficial driver
Scala infocommunity-supported driver
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoproprietary syntaxuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
TriggersyesyesClient-side triggers through changefeeds
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashSharding inforange based
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMaster-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACIDAtomic single-document operations
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyesyes infoMVCC based
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes infousers and table-level permissions

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesAzure Database for MySQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community MySQL database as a service
» more

ScaleGrid: Fully managed MySQL-as-a-Service.
» more

Dremio is like magic for MySQL accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more
Dremio is like magic for PostgreSQL accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

2ndQuadrant: PostgreSQL Solutions for the Enterprise.
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

DBHawk: a web-based PostgreSQL/Greenplum database tool. Boost database development and BI productivity with an online Universal database tool.
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

Azure Database for PostgreSQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community PostgreSQL database as a service
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
MySQLPostgreSQLRethinkDB
DB-Engines blog posts

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Meet some database management systems you are likely to hear more about in the future
4 August 2014, Paul Andlinger

show all

Conferences and events

PGCon 2019, PostgreSQL Conference for Users and Developers
Ottawa, Canada, 28-31 May 2019

Finished events

Achieving High Availability with PostgreSQL
Webinar, 4PM UTC, 26 February 2019 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Oracle splats 300 vulns in MySQL, Database, Fusion, etc, pours fresh brew of Java SE terms
16 April 2019, The Register

Oracle Management Software Supplier Adds Security Patching for MySQL and SQL Server
16 April 2019, Database Trends and Applications

Using Ethereum Logic Apps to push ledger data into to a MySQL or PostgreSQL database - Microsoft
25 March 2019, Channel 9

Top 10 Database Diagram Tools for MySQL
2 April 2019, Database Journal

Oracle Squashes 53 Critical Vulnerabilities in April Security Update
17 April 2019, Threatpost

provided by Google News

Building a scalable PostgreSQL solution
14 April 2019, Packt Hub

PostgreSQL security: a quick look at authentication best practices [Tutorial]
12 April 2019, Packt Hub

"Feature" of PostgreSQL 9.3 could enable hackers to execute code; affects Mac, Windows, Linux
1 April 2019, SC Magazine UK

Using Ethereum Logic Apps to push ledger data into to a MySQL or PostgreSQL database - Microsoft
25 March 2019, Channel 9

Crunchy Data Collaborates With Center for Internet Security® To Continue Advancing PostgreSQL Security For Enterprise
1 April 2019, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

Global Open Source Software Market 2019 Business Analysis: Players Alfresco Software Inc, Compiere Inc., RethinkDB, ClearCenter
15 April 2019, Global Industry Journal

Global Open Source Software Market 2019 Size & Forecast: Manufacturers Alfresco Software Inc, Compiere Inc., RethinkDB, ClearCenter, Intel
14 April 2019, Global Industry Journal

Global Document Databases Software Market Competitive Situation and Trends 2019-2025 Couchbase, MarkLogic, RethinkDB.
11 April 2019, industryreports24.com

Global Open Source Software Market 2019 - Estimates CAGR Analysis, Technological development Overview, Growth Trends and Competitive Research till 2025 - Connectivity Market
12 April 2019, Connectivity Market

Global Open Source Software Market Ouklook 2019-2026 – Intel, Epson, IBM, Transcend, Oracle, Acquia, Actuate, Alfresco Software Inc
21 April 2019, Times of Market

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Database Administrator (DBA)
DarkMatter, Arizona

AWS Oracle Database Administrator
Amazon.com Services, Inc., Herndon, VA

Database Administrator
NextGen Healthcare, Horsham, PA

Database Administrator
NBCUniversal, Universal City, CA

Junior Database Administrator – PostgreSQL
BMC Software, Texas

Data Analyst - Houston, TX
Shell, Houston, TX

Data Infrastructure Engineer
Heetch, Indiana

MySQL Database Administrator
Piper Companies, Raleigh, NC

Entry Level Java Developer
CGI, Lafayette, LA

Data Warehouse Engineer
Bethesda Game Studios - Austin, Austin, TX

Sr. Director, Architecture - eCommerce
Samsung Electronics, Bellevue, WA

Full Stack Developer
Blockchains, LLC, Sparks, NV

Intermediate Full-Stack JavaScript Developer (Philadelphia Area)
§Goji Systems, Blue Bell, PA

WebGL Engineer
Social Tables, Washington, DC

Full Stack Engineer
Polis, Inc., Cambridge, MA

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

RavenDB logo

Runs on Windows, Linux, Raspberry Pi. Easy to Operate, Fast Performance.
APIs for JS, .NET, Python.
Take a Free Download

Redis logo

Start now with Redis Cloud
Secure, highly available Redis as a serverless, hosted, fully managed cloud service.
Sign up here.

Neo4j logo

Get your step-by-step guide comparing RDBMS to graph databases, including data models, query languages, and deployment strategies.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Present your product here