DB-EnginesCrateDB bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > MySQL vs. PostgreSQL vs. RDF4J

System Properties Comparison MySQL vs. PostgreSQL vs. RDF4J

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used open source RDBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1223.63
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score476.62
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score0.37
Rank#219  Overall
#10  RDF stores
Websitewww.mysql.comwww.postgresql.orgrdf4j.org
Technical documentationdev.mysql.com/­docwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manualsdocs.rdf4j.org
DeveloperOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.
Initial release19951989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2004
Current release8.0.16, April 201911.4, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • Google Cloud SQL: A fully-managed database service for the Google Cloud Platform
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • Google Cloud SQL: A fully-managed database service for the Google Cloud Platform
Implementation languageC and C++CJava
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes infoRDF Schemas
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infostandard with numerous extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsProprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
native C library
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoproprietary syntaxuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yes
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACIDACID infoIsolation support depends on the API used
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as well
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesAzure Database for MySQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community MySQL database as a service
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Dremio is like magic for MySQL accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
» more

SQLPro for MySQL: A simple but powerful MySQL database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
» more

ScaleGrid: Fully managed MySQL-as-a-Service.
» more
Azure Database for PostgreSQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community PostgreSQL database as a service
» more

Dremio is like magic for PostgreSQL accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

SQLPro for PostgreSQL: A simple but powerful PostgreSQL database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

2ndQuadrant: PostgreSQL Solutions for the Enterprise.
» more

DBHawk: a web-based PostgreSQL/Greenplum database tool. Boost database development and BI productivity with an online Universal database tool.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
MySQLPostgreSQLRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
DB-Engines blog posts

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Conferences and events

PostgreSQL Conference, Asia 2019
Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia, 9-12 September 2019

PostgreSQL Conference, Europe 2019
Milan, Italy, 15-18 October 2019

Finished events

Achieving High Availability with PostgreSQL
Webinar, 4PM UTC, 26 February 2019 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

ScaleGrid DBaaS Expands MySQL Hosting Services Through AWS Cloud
6 June 2019, Yahoo Finance

28 May 2019 News GandCrab Campaign Attacks MySQL Servers
28 May 2019, Infosecurity Magazine

Udemy Will Make You An Expert In MySQL For Just $10
5 June 2019, ExtremeTech

Like big data? This MySQL online course is on sale for only $10.
5 June 2019, Mashable

MySQL Databases Being Scanned For Infecting GandCrab Ransomware
26 May 2019, Appuals

provided by Google News

Swarm64 Improves Elastic Scalability for PostgreSQL
21 June 2019, Yahoo Finance

RDX Eases Oracle Database Migration to PostgreSQL on AWS
13 June 2019, DevOps.com

Datical Adds Support for AWS Database Platforms, Enabling Enterprise Cloud Application Development and Migration
18 June 2019, GlobeNewswire

Oracle SQL: postGreSQL GENERATE_SERIES, Recursively
29 May 2019, Toolbox

China’s Biggest Startups Ditch Oracle and IBM for Home-Made Tech
25 June 2019, Gooruf

provided by Google News

Ontotext's GraphDB 8.10 Makes Knowledge Graph Experience Faster and Richer
13 June 2019, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 8.10 improves knowledge graph experience
12 June 2019, KMWorld Magazine

Ontotext's GraphDB 8.9 Boosts Semantic Similarity Search
10 April 2019, PRNewswire

Amazon Neptune review: A scalable graph database for OLTP
13 May 2019, InfoWorld

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Database Administrator
QVine Corporation, College Park, MD

Database Administrator
LT Consulting LLC, Reston, VA

Database Administrator (DBA)
Navstar, Inc., Herndon, VA

Database Administrator
Hagen Software, Washington, DC

Database Administrator
QVine Corporation, Reston, VA

PostgreSQL Database Administrator
Software Tech Enterprises, Baltimore, MD

Database Administrator, Mid
Booz Allen Hamilton, Washington, DC

Database Administrator
Amyx, Inc., Washington, DC

Database Administrator
GreatCall, San Diego, CA

Database Administrator
Duke Careers, Durham, NC

Semantic Data Integrator
Roche, San Francisco, CA

Software Engineer/Data Scientist
Parsons, Rosslyn, VA

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Redis logo

Start now with Redis Cloud
Secure, highly available Redis as a serverless, hosted, fully managed cloud service.
Sign up here.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Present your product here