DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > MySQL vs. Postgres-XL vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison MySQL vs. Postgres-XL vs. PostgreSQL

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used open source RDBMSBased on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster featuresWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1229.52
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score0.44
Rank#209  Overall
#100  Relational DBMS
Score483.28
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.mysql.comwww.postgres-xl.orgwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdev.mysql.com/­docwww.postgres-xl.org/­documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release19952014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB1989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release8.0.16, April 201910 R1, October 201811.4, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoMozilla public licenseOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Google Cloud SQL: A fully-managed database service for the Google Cloud Platform
  • Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • ScaleGrid: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting with high availability, dedicated servers, and superuser control on the #1 multi-cloud Amazon RDS alternative.
  • Google Cloud SQL: A fully-managed database service for the Google Cloud Platform
Implementation languageC and C++CC
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
macOS
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionalityyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infodistributed, parallel query executionyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsProprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
native C library
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
native C library
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoproprietary syntaxuser defined functionsuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabrichorizontal partitioningpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infoMVCCACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
» more

ScaleGrid: Fully managed MySQL-as-a-Service.
» more

Dremio is like magic for MySQL accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

SQLPro for MySQL: A simple but powerful MySQL database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
» more

Azure Database for MySQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community MySQL database as a service
» more
Dremio is like magic for PostgreSQL accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

Azure Database for PostgreSQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community PostgreSQL database as a service
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

2ndQuadrant: PostgreSQL Solutions for the Enterprise.
» more

DBHawk: a web-based PostgreSQL/Greenplum database tool. Boost database development and BI productivity with an online Universal database tool.
» more

SQLPro for PostgreSQL: A simple but powerful PostgreSQL database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
MySQLPostgres-XLPostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Conferences and events

PostgreSQL Conference, Asia 2019
Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia, 9-12 September 2019

PostgreSQL Conference, Europe 2019
Milan, Italy, 15-18 October 2019

Finished events

Achieving High Availability with PostgreSQL
Webinar, 4PM UTC, 26 February 2019 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

7 MySQL and MariaDB features you don't want to miss
26 June 2019, InfoWorld

GitLab finally cuts loose from 'pain in the a**' MySQL
3 July 2019, DevClass

Relational Databases Software Market 2019 financial overview of the players such as MySQL, Oracle, SAP, PostgreSQL, Amazon RDS, IBM and more
16 July 2019, Rise Media

An Analysis of L0rdix RAT, Panel and Builder
20 July 2019, Security Boulevard

news digest: Apple's transparency report on customer data, Sony's tech startup fund, and GitLab ends support for MySQL - SD Times
3 July 2019, SDTimes.com

provided by Google News

Building a scalable PostgreSQL solution
14 April 2019, Packt Hub

Interview with Frank Huerta and Mason Sharp on PostGres-XL
13 May 2014, opensource.com

When PostgreSQL Doesn't Scale Well Enough
18 April 2016, DZone News

PostgreSQL vs. Hadoop
20 August 2016, DZone News

TransLattice offers details on PostgreSQL
15 May 2014, ZDNet

provided by Google News

Fully Managed PostgreSQL Hosting on AWS and Azure Launches in Time For Legacy Migrations
17 July 2019, Yahoo Finance

PostgreSQL database specialist EnterpriseDB gets new backing
28 June 2019, TechTarget

CIS Benchmark for PostgreSQL 11 Enhances PostgreSQL Security for Enterprises
1 July 2019, Yahoo Finance

PostgreSQL on Amazon Aurora Serverless goes live. Check the price tag before diving in, though
10 July 2019, The Register

Amazon Releases Aurora PostgreSQL Serverless to General Availability
17 July 2019, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Database Administrator, MCS
NextGen Healthcare, Horsham, PA

Database Administrator
FedEx Supply Chain, Memphis, TN

Database Administrator
RE/MAX, LLC, Denver, CO

Database Administrator
Accenture, New York, NY

Database Administrator
QVine Corporation, College Park, MD

DBA/Database Architect
Semantic AI, San Diego, CA

Database Administrator, Mid
Booz Allen Hamilton, Washington, DC

Database Administrator
RE/MAX, LLC, Denver, CO

Database Administrator
Frontend Arts, Sunnyvale, CA

Database Administrator
Amyx, Inc., Washington, DC

Database Administrator
GreatCall, San Diego, CA

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Redis logo

Start now with Redis Cloud
Secure, highly available Redis as a serverless, hosted, fully managed cloud service.
Sign up here.

RavenDB logo

Setup a fully managed RavenDB Cloud Database in minutes. Enjoy hosting, management, backups all in one place.
Grab a Free Instance

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Present your product here