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DBMS > MySQL vs. OrientDB vs. YugabyteDB

System Properties Comparison MySQL vs. OrientDB vs. YugabyteDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonYugabyteDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used open source RDBMSMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)High-performance distributed SQL database for global, internet-scale applications. Wire and feature compatible with PostgreSQL.
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1202.10
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score5.14
Rank#79  Overall
#14  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Score2.68
Rank#112  Overall
#57  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.mysql.comorientdb.orgwww.yugabyte.com
Technical documentationdev.mysql.com/­docwww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.htmldocs.yugabyte.com
github.com/­yugabyte/­yugabyte-db
DeveloperOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPYugabyte Inc.
Initial release199520102017
Current release8.0.29, April 20223.1.9, February 20212.6, August 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.Yugabyte Cloud is the fully managed database-as-a-service offering of YugabyteDB. Get started quickly, and effortlessly ensure continuous availability and limitless scale of your cloud native applications.
Implementation languageC and C++JavaC and C++
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)Linux
OS X
Data schemeyesschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")depending on used data model
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like query language, no joinsyes, PostgreSQL compatible
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
JDBC
YCQL, an SQL-based flexible-schema API with its roots in Cassandra Query Language
YSQL - a fully relational SQL API that is wire compatible with the SQL language in PostgreSQL
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoproprietary syntaxJava, Javascriptyes infosql, plpgsql, C
TriggersyesHooksyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricShardingHash and Range Sharding, row-level geo-partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replicationBased on Raft distributed consensus protocol, minimum 3 replicas for continuous availability
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocould be achieved with distributed queriesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyStrong consistency on writes and tunable consistency on reads
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes inforelationship in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACIDDistributed ACID with Serializable & Snapshot Isolation. Inspired by Google Spanner architecture.
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infobased on RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurableyes
More information provided by the system vendor
MySQLOrientDBYugabyteDB
Specific characteristicsYugabyteDB is an open source distributed SQL database for cloud native transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesPostgreSQL compatible: Get instantly productive with a PostgreSQL compatible RDBMS....
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Typical application scenariosSystems of record and engagement for cloud native applications that require resilience,...
» more
Market metrics900,000+ lifetime clusters deployed 5.5K+ GitHub stars 4.3K+ YugabyteDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache 2.0 license for the database
» more

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