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DBMS > MySQL vs. OrientDB vs. Sphinx

System Properties Comparison MySQL vs. OrientDB vs. Sphinx

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonSphinx  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used open source RDBMSMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)Open source search engine for searching in data from different sources, e.g. relational databases
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1268.51
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score4.88
Rank#71  Overall
#12  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Score6.54
Rank#55  Overall
#6  Search engines
Websitewww.mysql.comorientdb.comsphinxsearch.com
Technical documentationdev.mysql.com/­docorientdb.org/­docs/­3.0.xsphinxsearch.com/­docs
DeveloperOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloudSphinx Technologies Inc.
Initial release199520102001
Current release8.0.20, 20203.1.0, June 20203.2.1, January 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoGPL version 2, commercial licence available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC and C++JavaC++
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)FreeBSD
Linux
NetBSD
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infofull-text index on all search fields
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like query language, no joinsSQL-like query language (SphinxQL)
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++ infounofficial client library
Java
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby infounofficial client library
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoproprietary syntaxJava, Javascriptno
TriggersyesHooksno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricShardingSharding infoPartitioning is done manually, search queries against distributed index is supported
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocould be achieved with distributed queriesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes inforelationship in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoThe original contents of fields are not stored in the Sphinx index.
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurableno

More information provided by the system vendor

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