DBMS > MySQL vs. Oracle Rdb vs. Sphinx
System Properties Comparison MySQL vs. Oracle Rdb vs. Sphinx
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||MySQL Xexclude from comparison||Oracle Rdb Xexclude from comparison||Sphinx Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Widely used open source RDBMS||Open source search engine for searching in data from different sources, e.g. relational databases|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS Key/Value like access via memcached API||Relational DBMS||Search engine|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
|Developer||Oracle since 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun||Oracle, originally developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC)||Sphinx Technologies Inc.|
|Current release||8.0.30, July 2022||18.104.22.168, 2021||3.4.1, July 2021|
|License Commercial or Open Source||Open Source GPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available||commercial||Open Source GPL version 2, commercial licence available|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||no|
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|Implementation language||C and C++||C++|
|Server operating systems||FreeBSD|
|HP Open VMS||FreeBSD|
|Data scheme||yes||Flexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)||yes|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes||no|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||yes||no|
|Secondary indexes||yes||yes||yes full-text index on all search fields|
|SQL Support of SQL||yes with proprietary extensions||yes||SQL-like query language (SphinxQL)|
|APIs and other access methods||ADO.NET|
Proprietary native API
|Supported programming languages||Ada|
|C++ unofficial client library|
Perl unofficial client library
Ruby unofficial client library
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||yes proprietary syntax||no|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||horizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric||Sharding Partitioning is done manually, search queries against distributed index is supported|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||Multi-source replication|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||no||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes not for MyISAM storage engine||yes||no|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID not for MyISAM storage engine||yes, on a single node||no|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes table locks or row locks depending on storage engine||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes The original contents of fields are not stored in the Sphinx index.|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||yes||no|
|User concepts Access control||Users with fine-grained authorization concept no user groups or roles||no|
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