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DBMS > MySQL vs. Oracle Rdb vs. Solr

System Properties Comparison MySQL vs. Oracle Rdb vs. Solr

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Rdb  Xexclude from comparisonSolr  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used open source RDBMSA widely used distributed, scalable search engine based on Apache Lucene
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMSSearch engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1195.45
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score1.53
Rank#171  Overall
#83  Relational DBMS
Score45.88
Rank#24  Overall
#3  Search engines
Websitewww.mysql.comwww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­rdb/­overview/­index.htmllucene.apache.org/­solr
Technical documentationdev.mysql.com/­doclucene.apache.org/­solr/­resources.html
DeveloperOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunOracle, originally developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC)Apache Software Foundation
Initial release199519842006
Current release8.0.32, January 20237.4.1.1, 20219.1.1, January 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC and C++Java
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
HP Open VMSAll OS with a Java VM inforuns as a servlet in servlet container (e.g. Tomcat, Jetty is included)
Data schemeyesFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)yes infoDynamic Fields enables on-the-fly addition of new fields
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infosupports customizable data types and automatic typing
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsyesSolr Parallel SQL Interface
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
Erlang
Java
JavaScript
any language that supports sockets and either XML or JSON
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoproprietary syntaxJava plugins
Triggersyesyes infoUser configurable commands triggered on index changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonospark-solr: github.com/­lucidworks/­spark-solr and streaming expressions to reduce
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes, on a single nodeoptimistic locking
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesyes

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