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DBMS > MySQL vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. XTDB

System Properties Comparison MySQL vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. XTDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparisonXTDB infoformerly named Crux  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used open source RDBMSWidely used in-process key-value storeA general purpose database with bitemporal SQL and Datalog and graph queries
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIKey-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
Document store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1061.34
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score2.01
Rank#126  Overall
#21  Key-value stores
#3  Native XML DBMS
Score0.18
Rank#332  Overall
#46  Document stores
Websitewww.mysql.comwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­berkeleydb.htmlgithub.com/­xtdb/­xtdb
www.xtdb.com
Technical documentationdev.mysql.com/­docdocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.htmlwww.xtdb.com/­docs
DeveloperOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunOracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by OracleJuxt Ltd.
Initial release199519942019
Current release8.4.0, April 202418.1.40, May 20201.19, September 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infocommercial license availableOpen Source infoMIT License
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Aiven for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL, deployable in the cloud of your choice, with seamless integrations and lightning-fast setup.
Implementation languageC and C++C, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)Clojure
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
All OS with a Java 8 (and higher) VM
Linux
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes, extensible-data-notation format
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML editionno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is availablelimited SQL, making use of Apache Calcite
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
HTTP REST
JDBC
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Perl
Python
Tcl
Clojure
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoproprietary syntaxnono
Triggersyesyes infoonly for the SQL APIno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replicationyes, each node contains all data
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage enginenono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes, flexibel persistency by using storage technologies like Apache Kafka, RocksDB or LMDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesno

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Aiven for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL, deployable in the cloud of your choice, with seamless integrations and lightning-fast setup.
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More resources
MySQLOracle Berkeley DBXTDB infoformerly named Crux
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