DBMS > MySQL vs. Oracle vs. ToroDB
System Properties Comparison MySQL vs. Oracle vs. ToroDB
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||MySQL Xexclude from comparison||Oracle Xexclude from comparison||ToroDB Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Widely used open source RDBMS||Widely used RDBMS||A MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQL|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS Key/Value like access via memcached API||Relational DBMS||Document store|
|Secondary database models||Document store||Document store|
Graph DBMS with Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store with Oracle Spatial and Graph
|Developer||Oracle since 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun||Oracle||8Kdata|
|Current release||8.0.21, 2020||19c, February 2019|
|License Commercial or Open Source||Open Source GPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available||commercial restricted free version is available||Open Source AGPL-V3|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|Implementation language||C and C++||C and C++||Java|
|Server operating systems||FreeBSD|
|All OS with a Java 7 VM|
|Data scheme||yes||yes Schemaless in JSON and XML columns||schema-free|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes||yes string, integer, double, boolean, date, object_id|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||yes||yes||no|
|SQL Support of SQL||yes with proprietary extensions||yes with proprietary extensions|
|APIs and other access methods||ADO.NET|
Proprietary native API
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
|Supported programming languages||Ada|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||yes proprietary syntax||PL/SQL also stored procedures in Java possible|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||horizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric||horizontal partitioning with the optional Oracle Partitioning||Sharding|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||Multi-source replication|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||no can be realized in PL/SQL|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency||Eventual Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes not for MyISAM storage engine||yes||no|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID not for MyISAM storage engine||ACID isolation level can be parameterized||no|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes table locks or row locks depending on storage engine||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||yes||yes Version 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'|
|User concepts Access control||Users with fine-grained authorization concept no user groups or roles||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||Access rights for users and roles|
|More information provided by the system vendor|
|Specific characteristics||Oracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...|
|Licensing and pricing models||Oracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...|
We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
|Related products and services|
|3rd parties||General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.|
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Azure Database for MySQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community MySQL database as a service
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|General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.|
DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
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