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DBMS > MySQL vs. Oracle vs. Spark SQL

System Properties Comparison MySQL vs. Oracle vs. Spark SQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used open source RDBMSWidely used RDBMSSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processing
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Vector DBMS infosince Oracle 23
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1083.74
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score1236.29
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score18.96
Rank#33  Overall
#20  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.mysql.comwww.oracle.com/­databasespark.apache.org/­sql
Technical documentationdev.mysql.com/­docdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasespark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.html
DeveloperOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunOracleApache Software Foundation
Initial release199519802014
Current release8.4.0, April 202423c, September 20233.5.0 ( 2.13), September 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Aiven for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL, deployable in the cloud of your choice, with seamless integrations and lightning-fast setup.
Implementation languageC and C++C and C++Scala
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Java
Python
R
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoproprietary syntaxPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleno
Triggersyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricSharding, horizontal partitioningyes, utilizing Spark Core
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'no
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

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Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for MySQL and many other database management systems.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
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Aiven for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL, deployable in the cloud of your choice, with seamless integrations and lightning-fast setup.
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Devart ODBC driver for Oracle accesses Oracle databases from ODBC-compliant reporting, analytics, BI, and ETL tools on both 32 and 64-bit Windows, macOS, and Linux.
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More resources
MySQLOracleSpark SQL
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