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DBMS > MySQL vs. Oracle vs. Solr

System Properties Comparison MySQL vs. Oracle vs. Solr

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonSolr  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used open source RDBMSWidely used RDBMSA widely used distributed, scalable search engine based on Apache Lucene
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMSSearch engine
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1268.51
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score1340.26
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score51.64
Rank#19  Overall
#3  Search engines
Websitewww.mysql.comwww.oracle.com/­databaselucene.apache.org/­solr
Technical documentationdev.mysql.com/­docdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databaselucene.apache.org/­solr/­resources.html
DeveloperOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunOracleApache Software Foundation
Initial release199519802006
Current release8.0.20, 202019c, February 20198.5.2, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC and C++C and C++Java
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
All OS with a Java VM inforuns as a servlet in servlet container (e.g. Tomcat, Jetty is included)
Data schemeyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyes infoDynamic Fields enables on-the-fly addition of new fields
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infosupports customizable data types and automatic typing
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infowith proprietary extensionsSolr Parallel SQL Interface
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
.Net
Erlang
Java
JavaScript
any language that supports sockets and either XML or JSON
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoproprietary syntaxPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleJava plugins
Triggersyesyesyes infoUser configurable commands triggered on index changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabrichorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle PartitioningSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan be realized in PL/SQLspark-solr: github.com/­lucidworks/­spark-solr and streaming expressions to reduce
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedoptimistic locking
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes
More information provided by the system vendor
MySQLOracleSolr
Specific characteristicsOracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
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