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DBMS > MySQL vs. Oracle vs. SingleStore

System Properties Comparison MySQL vs. Oracle vs. SingleStore

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used open source RDBMSWidely used RDBMSMySQL wire-compliant distributed RDBMS that combines an in-memory row-oriented and a disc-based column-oriented storage
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1211.52
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score1272.73
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score6.34
Rank#65  Overall
#36  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.mysql.comwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.singlestore.com
Technical documentationdev.mysql.com/­docdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasedocs.singlestore.com
DeveloperOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunOracleSingleStore Inc.
Initial release199519802013
Current release8.0.27, October 202119c, February 20197.3, December 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial infofree developer edition available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.SingleStore Managed Service: The world's fastest, most capable cloud database for operational analytics, machine learning, & AI. Available instantly with multi-cloud and hybrid-cloud capabilities.
Implementation languageC and C++C and C++C++
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux info64 bit version required
Data schemeyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes, but no triggers and foreign keys
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Bash
C
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoproprietary syntaxPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleyes
Triggersyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricSharding, horizontal partitioningSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan be realized in PL/SQLno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency only within each node
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID infoOnly isolation level: READ COMMITED
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
MySQLOracleSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQL
Specific characteristicsSingleStore is The No Limits Database™, powering modern applications and analytical...
» more
Competitive advantagesPerformance - Shattering the Trillion-Rows-Per-Second Barrier Fast data ingest -...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Analytics Internet of Things Personalization and Recommendations Risk Management...
» more
Key customersComcast - Real-time Stream Processing Architecture DellEMC - Getting it Right Exactly...
» more
Market metricsCustomers in various industries worldwide -- US and International Industry Solutions:...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsF ree Tier and Enterprise Edition
» more

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More resources
MySQLOracleSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQL
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