DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > MySQL vs. Oracle vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison MySQL vs. Oracle vs. PostgreSQL

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used open source RDBMSWidely used RDBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1215.14
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score1279.94
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score478.72
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.mysql.comwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdev.mysql.com/­docdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasewww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunOraclePostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release199519801989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release8.0.15, February 201919c, February 201911.2, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • Google Cloud SQL: A fully-managed database service for the Google Cloud Platform
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • Google Cloud SQL: A fully-managed database service for the Google Cloud Platform
Implementation languageC and C++C and C++C
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsProprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
JDBC
ODBC
native C library
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoproprietary syntaxPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabrichorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioningpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan be realized in PL/SQLno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'no
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
MySQLOraclePostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsOracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGeneral SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

Azure Database for MySQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community MySQL database as a service
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

ScaleGrid: Fully managed MySQL-as-a-Service.
» more

Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
» more

Dremio is like magic for MySQL accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more
DBHawk: a web-based Oracle database management and self-service BI software.
» more

Dremio is like magic for Oracle accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

Navicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
» more
DBHawk: a web-based PostgreSQL/Greenplum database tool. Boost database development and BI productivity with an online Universal database tool.
» more

2ndQuadrant: PostgreSQL Solutions for the Enterprise.
» more

Dremio is like magic for PostgreSQL accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

Azure Database for PostgreSQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community PostgreSQL database as a service
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
MySQLOraclePostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Architecting eCommerce Platforms for Zero Downtime on Black Friday and Beyond
25 November 2016, Tony Branson (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Conferences and events

PGCon 2019, PostgreSQL Conference for Users and Developers
Ottawa, Canada, 28-31 May 2019

Finished events

Achieving High Availability with PostgreSQL
Webinar, 4PM UTC, 26 February 2019 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Malware Hosted in Google Sites Sends Data to MySQL Server
23 April 2019, BleepingComputer

Oracle splats 300 vulns in MySQL, Database, Fusion, etc, pours fresh brew of Java SE terms
16 April 2019, The Register

Oracle Management Software Supplier Adds Security Patching for MySQL and SQL Server
16 April 2019, Database Trends and Applications

Top 10 Database Diagram Tools for MySQL
2 April 2019, Database Journal

Summary of the Stack Overflow Developer Survey 2019
25 April 2019, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

In Fast-Moving Asian Markets, Businesses Get An Edge From Autonomous Database
25 April 2019, Forbes

Amazon Fulfillment moves off Oracle databases
1 April 2019, INSIDER

Amazon Going After Oracle in Business Software
15 April 2019, Fortune

Amazon's Fulfillment Unit Flips The Off Switch On Oracle Database
2 April 2019, CRN

SAP Targets Oracle Cuts as Part of Cloud-Focused Strategic Review
25 April 2019, SDxCentral

provided by Google News

Building a scalable PostgreSQL solution
14 April 2019, Packt Hub

Should I Support Postgres In-House?
23 April 2019, Computer Business Review

PostgreSQL security: a quick look at authentication best practices [Tutorial]
12 April 2019, Packt Hub

Swarm64 Introduces Hardware Accelerator for PostgreSQL on Xilinx Alveo Accelerator Cards
27 March 2019, Finger Lakes Times

"Feature" of PostgreSQL 9.3 could enable hackers to execute code; affects Mac, Windows, Linux
1 April 2019, SC Magazine UK

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Database Administrator
NextGen Healthcare, Horsham, PA

Database Administrator
QVine Corporation, College Park, MD

Software Support Engineer I Implementation
ProfitSword LLC, Alpharetta, GA

Data Analyst - Houston, TX
Shell, Houston, TX

Database Administrator
Hagen Software, Washington, DC

Senior Oracle Database Engineer
TD Ameritrade, Omaha, NE

Senior Database Engineer - Oracle
MetLife, Cary, NC

Senior Database Engineer - Oracle, Batch, SQL
Fidelity Investments, Westlake, TX

Sr. Oracle Database Engineer
McKesson, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX

Senior Software Data Engineer - Advanced Data Analytics Technology Team
Fidelity Investments, Boston, MA

Data Analyst - Houston, TX
Shell, Houston, TX

Automation Engineer, Software Developer
Staples, Framingham, MA

Front End Visualization Developer - Contractor
EY, Houston, TX

Data Analyst
Revel, Brooklyn, NY

Oil & Gas Data Analyst
Bazean, Houston, TX

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Redis logo

Start now with Redis Cloud
Secure, highly available Redis as a serverless, hosted, fully managed cloud service.
Sign up here.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

RavenDB logo

Runs on Windows, Linux, Raspberry Pi. Easy to Operate, Fast Performance.
APIs for JS, .NET, Python.
Take a Free Download

Neo4j logo

Get your step-by-step guide comparing RDBMS to graph databases, including data models, query languages, and deployment strategies.

Present your product here