DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > MySQL vs. Oracle vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison MySQL vs. Oracle vs. PostgreSQL

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used open source RDBMSWidely used RDBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1254.83
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score1321.73
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score549.29
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.mysql.comwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdev.mysql.com/­docdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasewww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunOraclePostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release199519801989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release8.0.23 , January 202119c, February 201913.2 , February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC and C++C and C++C
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoproprietary syntaxPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricSharding, horizontal partitioningpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan be realized in PL/SQLno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'no
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDatadog: Improve MySQL performance by visualizing and identifying errors fast using granular, out-of-the-box dashboards.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
» more

ClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more
Navicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
» more

DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more
ClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

CYBERTEC is your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia, Poland, South Africa and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide and is here for you 24/7!
» more

EDB: Helping organizations get the most from PostgreSQL, Oracle Migration, High Availability, Security
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
MySQLOraclePostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

show all

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Architecting eCommerce Platforms for Zero Downtime on Black Friday and Beyond
25 November 2016, Tony Branson (guest author)

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

Global Relational Databases Software Market 2025: Microsoft, MySQL, Oracle, SAP, PostgreSQL, Amazon RDS, IBM, MariaDB, Informix, Teradata, SQLite – The Bisouv Network
5 March 2021, The Bisouv Network

How To Set Up Redis as a Cache for MySQL with PHP on Ubuntu 20.04
5 March 2021, LXer

Global Relational Databases Software Market 2021 – Microsoft, MySQL, Oracle, SAP, PostgreSQL – KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper
3 March 2021, KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper

MySQL Training Service Market 2021 by Companies: Oracle, Udemy, Pluralsight, Infopro Learning, Trainocate Holdings, Judge Learning Solutions
4 March 2021, The Bisouv Network

Cloud Spanner Adds Support for Liquibase
4 March 2021, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

USU Certified for Oracle Database License Management by ITAM Review
4 March 2021, RealWire

How a New Mindset Can Empower Oracle Database Users
4 March 2021, Data & Storage Asean

GraalVM inside Oracle Database
12 February 2021, InfoQ.com

Kent County Council Switches to Rimini Street Support for its Oracle Applications and Database Software
4 March 2021, Business Wire

Rimini Street Announces Fiscal Fourth Quarter and Annual 2020 Financial Results
3 March 2021, Business Wire

provided by Google News

New Monitoring Features in PostgreSQL 13
26 February 2021, DevOps.com

AWS Announces Amazon Aurora Supports PostgreSQL 12 (infoq.com)
7 February 2021, InfoQ.com

AWS and Rackspace Lose 700 PostgreSQL Databases to Oracle Autonomous Database
25 February 2021, Cloud Wars

Global Relational Databases Software Market 2025: Microsoft, MySQL, Oracle, SAP, PostgreSQL, Amazon RDS, IBM, MariaDB, Informix, Teradata, SQLite – The Bisouv Network
5 March 2021, The Bisouv Network

PostgreSQL
4 March 2021, The Bisouv Network

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Software Developer – Entry Level
Grant Street Group, Remote

Data Analyst - Entry Level
Frequence, Mountain View, CA

Entry Level Data Analyst Position- Full Time Job Opportunity
Jerneltechcorp, New York, NY

Jr. QA Analyst Trainee
SQA², Los Alamitos, CA

Technical Support Representative
GoDaddy, Gilbert, AZ

Oracle DBA
METIS SOFTWARE SOLUTIONS LLC, Cranford, NJ

Compliance Clerk
Chicago Transit Authority, Chicago, IL

Oracle Database Administrator, Staff
Fiserv, Inc., Alpharetta, GA

Administrative Coordinator
AIDT, Huntsville, AL

Oracle DBA
SourceDP, New York, NY

Jr. QA Analyst Trainee
SQA², Los Alamitos, CA

Node.js Developer
Aiteq, Remote

Junior Database Administrator
Colorado Business Computer Systems, Inc., Remote

GIS Technician I
Kaart Group, Seattle, WA

Junior Developer
MarketSmart, Greenbelt, MD

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Present your product here