DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > MySQL vs. Oracle vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. Spark SQL

System Properties Comparison MySQL vs. Oracle vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. Spark SQL

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used open source RDBMSWidely used RDBMSWidely used in-process key-value storeSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processing
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMSKey-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1264.25
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score1369.36
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score3.56
Rank#87  Overall
#15  Key-value stores
#2  Native XML DBMS
Score18.63
Rank#34  Overall
#21  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.mysql.comwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­berkeleydb/­overview/­index.htmlspark.apache.org/­sql
Technical documentationdev.mysql.com/­docdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasedocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.htmlspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.html
DeveloperOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunOracleOracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by OracleApache Software Foundation
Initial release1995198019942014
Current release8.0.21, 202019c, February 201918.1 (Core), June 20183.0.1, October 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infocommercial license availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
  • Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageC and C++C and C++C, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)Scala
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
AIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesyes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML editionno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is availableSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Perl
Python
Tcl
Java
Python
R
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoproprietary syntaxPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possiblenono
Triggersyesyesyes infoonly for the SQL APIno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabrichorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioningnoneyes, utilizing Spark Core
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan be realized in PL/SQLno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnono
More information provided by the system vendor
MySQLOracleOracle Berkeley DBSpark SQL
Specific characteristicsOracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDatadog: Improve MySQL performance by visualizing and identifying errors fast using granular, out-of-the-box dashboards.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Azure Database for MySQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community MySQL database as a service
» more

Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more
DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

Navicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
MySQLOracleOracle Berkeley DBSpark SQL
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

show all

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Architecting eCommerce Platforms for Zero Downtime on Black Friday and Beyond
25 November 2016, Tony Branson (guest author)

show all

Recent citations in the news

Oracle Introduces the MySQL Database Service on Its Cloud Infrastructure
10 September 2020, InfoQ.com

Google Cloud SQL Supports MySQL 8.0
9 September 2020, InfoQ.com

Hasura raises $25 million Series B and adds MySQL support to its GraphQL service
8 September 2020, TechCrunch

NoSQL Market to Witness Huge Growth by 2026 | Microsoft SQL Server, MySQL, MongoDB
23 September 2020, The Daily Chronicle

Hasura Introduces GraphQL Support for MySQL and SQL Server
15 September 2020, Database Trends and Applications

provided by Google News

Larry Ellison's 10-Point Plan for Oracle to Beat Amazon, Microsoft, Google
21 September 2020, Cloud Wars

TikTok: What is Oracle and why does it want the video-sharing app?
14 September 2020, BBC News

Hyundai-Kia Motors Expands Use of Rimini Street Support for Its Oracle Database Software to Include All Overseas Branches and Affiliates Worldwide
8 September 2020, Business Wire

Oracle Introduces the MySQL Database Service on Its Cloud Infrastructure
10 September 2020, InfoQ.com

Oracle Wins Litigation Against OFCCP
23 September 2020, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

The Hyperion-insideHPC Interviews: Los Alamos' Gary Grider Argues Efficiency in HPC Is King and Laments Simulation's 'Raw Deal'
22 September 2020, insideHPC

Fedora Looking To Transition The RPM Database From Berkeley DB To SQLite
16 March 2020, Phoronix

Oracle switches Berkeley DB license
5 July 2013, InfoWorld

Getting Started with Oracle Berkeley DB
30 August 2009, DZone News

Man-DB Brings Documentation to IBM i
12 August 2020, IT Jungle

provided by Google News

Ahana announces managed service for Presto on AWS
21 September 2020, ZDNet

Azure Synapse Analytics data lake features: up close
9 September 2020, ZDNet

Spark 3.0 Brings Big SQL Speed-Up, Better Python Hooks
25 June 2020, Datanami

50 Latest Data Science And Analytics Jobs That Opened Last Week
17 September 2020, Analytics India Magazine

Microsoft Now Developing Its Own Hadoop
26 August 2020, Datanami

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Web Developer (0320)
SW FL Water Management District, Brooksville, FL

Support Specialist north-america
Ecolane, North, SC

Service Delivery Manager
Percona, Remote

Linux Administrator
HOSTCOPPER, Remote

Loss Prevention Specialist
Amazon.com Services LLC, Horn Lake, MS

Oracle Database Administrator (DBA)
C3 Business Solutions, Newport Beach, CA

County Records Analyst
King County, Seattle, WA

Oracle DBA
PRAXIS, S.A. DE C.V, Remote

Oracle Database Developer
World Travel Holdings Inc, Remote

SR Level SQL DBA (Database Administrator)
XTIVIA, Remote

Java Full Stack Developer
Gurutech Solutions, Boxborough, MA

Web Application Developer-PERL
Books-A-Million, Birmingham, AL

Citi and Grace Hopper - Technology Opportunities!
Citi, Tampa, FL

BIG DATA ENGINEER
Tabiya Technology, Chevy Chase, MD

Hadoop Hive Spark SQL with AWS Developer
RiskSpan, Washington, DC

Software and Data Engineer Intern
ViaSat, Carlsbad, CA

Data Scientists Analysts
Altair Engineering, Dearborn, MI

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Datastax Astra logo

Cassandra made easy in the cloud. Build cloud-native applications faster with CQL, REST and GraphQL APIs.
Try for Free.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Vertica logo

The fastest unified analytical warehouse at extreme scale with in-database Machine Learning. Try Vertica for free with no time limit.

Present your product here