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DBMS > MySQL vs. NuoDB vs. Oracle vs. Spark SQL

System Properties Comparison MySQL vs. NuoDB vs. Oracle vs. Spark SQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used open source RDBMSNuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactionsWidely used RDBMSSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processing
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1264.25
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score1.12
Rank#160  Overall
#78  Relational DBMS
Score1369.36
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score18.63
Rank#34  Overall
#21  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.mysql.comwww.nuodb.comwww.oracle.com/­databasespark.apache.org/­sql
Technical documentationdev.mysql.com/­docdoc.nuodb.comdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasespark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.html
DeveloperOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunNuoDB, Inc.OracleApache Software Foundation
Initial release1995201319802014
Current release8.0.21, 202019c, February 20193.0.0, June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercial infolimited edition freecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC and C++C++C and C++Scala
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Java
Python
R
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoproprietary syntaxJava, SQLPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleno
Triggersyesyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricdata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/writtenhorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioningyes, utilizing Spark Core
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes infoManaged transparently by NuoDBMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infotunable commit protocolACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes infoMVCCyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoTemporary tableyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'no
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative Usersfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno
More information provided by the system vendor
MySQLNuoDBOracleSpark SQL
Specific characteristicsOracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
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3rd partiesGeneral SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
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Datadog: Improve MySQL performance by visualizing and identifying errors fast using granular, out-of-the-box dashboards.
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MySQLNuoDBOracleSpark SQL
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