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DBMS > MySQL vs. NuoDB vs. Oracle vs. Realm

System Properties Comparison MySQL vs. NuoDB vs. Oracle vs. Realm

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used open source RDBMSNuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactionsWidely used RDBMSA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core Data
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1277.89
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score1.05
Rank#149  Overall
#73  Relational DBMS
Score1343.59
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score8.36
Rank#46  Overall
#8  Document stores
Websitewww.mysql.comwww.nuodb.comwww.oracle.com/­databaserealm.io
Technical documentationdev.mysql.com/­docdoc.nuodb.comdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databaserealm.io/­docs
DeveloperOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunNuoDB, Inc.OracleRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019
Initial release1995201319802014
Current release8.0.20, 202019c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercial infolimited edition freecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageC and C++C++C and C++
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Android
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoproprietary syntaxJava, SQLPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleno inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessary
Triggersyesyesyesyes infoChange Listeners
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricdata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/writtenhorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioningnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
yes infoManaged transparently by NuoDBMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocan be realized in PL/SQLno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infotunable commit protocolACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes infoMVCCyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoTemporary tableyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yes infoIn-Memory realm
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative Usersfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes
More information provided by the system vendor
MySQLNuoDBOracleRealm
Specific characteristicsHorizontal scale-out, continuous availability, multi-tenant support, ANSI SQL compatible,...
» more
Oracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Now a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
Competitive advantagesNuoDB is a scale-out SQL RDBMS based on a Durable Distributed Caching (DDC) architecture....
» more
Realm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
Typical application scenariosOperational / OLTP database workloads in data centers or public clouds
» more
Mobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
Key customersDassault Systemes, Santander, Temenos
» more
Cathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Market metricsFast growing commercial and enterprise customer base IDC Innovators: Dynamically...
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Used by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsSubscription-based pricing with free community edition and commercial enterprise...
» more
Oracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more
Realm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
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ScaleGrid: Fully managed MySQL-as-a-Service.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Azure Database for MySQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community MySQL database as a service
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SQLPro for MySQL: A simple but powerful MySQL database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
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General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
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Navicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
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DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
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General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
MySQLNuoDBOracleRealm
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